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Tick Infestations of Livestock in India and Their Control

  • M. B. Chhabra
Field Situation Report

Abstract

A situation report on the Ixodoidea infesting livestock in India is presented. Of the nearly 120 tick species known from this country, information regarding the hosts and distribution of 46 ixodid species belonging to eight genera and six argasid species belonging to three genera, parasitizing livestock has been provided. The ecology and disease relationship of the economically more important species have been reviewed. Notwithstanding the rich tick fauna, the native cattle seldom carry excessive tick burdens. Control is greatly facilitated by the high degree of natural resistance possessed by indigenous cattle, zebu. Chemical acaricides are the main component of control strategies which are largely aimed at protecting the at-risk exotic and crossbred animals from ticks and the diseases transmitted by them. Exploitation of immunity and possibly some biological control may be integrated with the use of chemicals in future.

Key Words

Tick infestations livestock in India tick control 

Résumé

Un rapport de la situation de l’ infestation du troupeau par les tiques “Ixodoidea” en Inde a été présenté. Une information concernant les hôtes et la distribution des 46 espèces d’Ixodidae appartenant à huit gênera et six espèces d’Argasidae appartenant trois gênera qui parasitent le troupeau a été fournie. L’ecologie et l’importance économique de espèces importantes ont été passé en revue. En dépit de la faune riche en tiques, le bétail indigène (autochtone) portent rarement un fardeau excessif de tiques. Le contrôle est facilité par le degré élevée de résistance naturelle que possède le bétail (zebu) indigène. Les acaricides chimiques sont les composantes principales de stratégies de la lutte contre les tiques qui sont destinées à protéger les animaux exotiques et les produits de croissement susceptibles à l’infestation des tiques et aux maladies qu’elles transmettent. L’exploitation de l’immunité et quelles que agents de lutte biologique peuvent former un tout avec l’utilisation de produit chimiques dans l’avenir.

Mots Clés

Infestation par les tiques cheptel en Inde lutte contre les tiques 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. B. Chhabra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary ParasitologyHaryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

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