Advertisement

Effect of the Duck-Weed, Lemna Minor Vegetations on the Mosquito, Culex Pipiens Pipiens

  • M. A. A. Eid
  • M. A. E. Kandil
  • Eman B. Moursy
  • G. E. M. Sayed
Research Article

Abstract

The mosquito C. p. pipiens L. never colonize sewerage water covered with duck weed. The Lemna minor vegetations affected the identification of the oviposition site by the females. The amputation of sensilla made the mosquito incapable of choosing the oviposition site. The immature stages of the mosquito are susceptible to the water borne synomones of the duck weed; the first instar larvae are most susceptible and have high mortality.

Key Words

Mosquito Culex pipiens pipiens Lemna minor oviposition repellent amputation of sensilla duck weed synomones larval susceptibility 

Résumé

La moustique C. p. pipiens L. ne colonize jamais dans les eaux d’égouts couvertes par Lemna minor (duck weed). Les eaux salées et leur pH n’ont pas d’effets sur les colonies des moustiques. Seule, la présence des colonizations, et non leur densité, affecte la discrimination des lieux de pondre par les femelles des moustiques, il semble que c’est un effet repugnant. L’amputation des tarses et des antennes fait perdre à la femelle la capacité de trouver les lieux de pondre, ce qui prouve la présence des synomones secretés par L. minor dans l’air et l’eau des marais. Il semble aussi que les premières larves du C. p. pipiens sont plus sensibles, aux synomones de l’eau, ques les dernières larves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Angerilli N. P. and Beirne B. P. (1980) Influence of aquatic plants on colonization of artificial ponds by mosquitoes and their insect predators. Can. Entomol. 112, 793–796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bailey D. L., Dame D. A., Munroe W. L. and Thomas J. A. (1978) Colony maintenance of Anopheles albimanus (Weidemann) by feeding preserved blood through natural membrane. Mosq. News 39, 403–408.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey D. L., Kaiser P. E., Focks D. A. and Lowe R. E. (1981) Effect of salinity on Anopheles albimanus ovipositional behaviour, immature development, and population dynamics. Mosq. News 41, 161–167.Google Scholar
  4. Davis E. E. and Takahashi F. T. (1980) Humoral alteration of chemoreceptor sensitivity in the mosquito. J. Atricleoriginal res. 139–142.Google Scholar
  5. Ebrahem A. A. (1986) Survival and environmental studies on some mosquito species in Qalyobiya Governorate. M. D. Thesis. Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University.Google Scholar
  6. Furlow B. M. and Hays K. L. (1972) Some influences of aquatic vegetation on the species and number of culicidae (Diptera) in small ponds of water. Mosq. News 32, 595–599.Google Scholar
  7. Hagstrum D. W. and Gunstrum S. E. (1971) Salinity, pH and organic nitrogen of water in relation to presence of mosquito larvae. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 64, 465–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hobbs J. H. and Molina P. A. (1983) The influence of the aquatic fern Salvinia auriculata on the breeding of Anopheles albimanus in Coastal Guatemala. Mosq. News 43, 456–459.Google Scholar
  9. Kalpage K. S. P. and Brust R. A. (1974) Oviposition attractant produced by immature Aedes atropalpus. Environ. Entomol. 2, 729–730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kardatzke J. T. (1981) Effect of addition of calcium chloride to larval medium on survival of immature snow-melt Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosq. News 41, 11–12.Google Scholar
  11. Lee F. C. (1973) Effects of various sodium chloride concentrations on the development of the mosquito, Culiseta incidens (Thomson) (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosq. News 33, 78–83.Google Scholar
  12. Linley J. R. (1986) The effect of salinity on oviposition and egg hatching in Culicoides variipennis sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Am. Mosq. COM. Assoc. 2, 79–82.Google Scholar
  13. Mciver S. B. (1982) Sensilla of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 19, 489–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mciver S. and Siemicki R. (1984) Fine structure of pegs on the maxillary palps of adult Toxorhynchites brevipalpis (Theobald) (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Insect Morphol. Embryol. 13, 11–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pappas L. G. and Pappas C. D. (1983) Laboratory studies on the significance of NaCl as an oviposition deterrent in Culiseta inornata. Mosq. News 43, 153–155.Google Scholar
  16. Parsons R. E. (1985) The good the bad, the dirty: Mosquito problems associated with sewage treatment facilities. J. Florida Anti Mosq. Assoc. 56, 44–48.Google Scholar
  17. Sinha V. P. (1976) Further observations on the physicochemical factors of the breeding places of Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) and Cx. fatigans (Wied). Mosq. News 36, 358–360.Google Scholar
  18. Smith W. L. Jr and Enns W. R. (1967) Laboratory and field investigation of mosquito populations associated with oxidation lagoons in Missouri. Mosq. News 27, 462–466.Google Scholar
  19. Snedecor G. W. and Cochran W. G. (1963) Statistical Methods. “Applied to Experiments in Agriculture and Biology”. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.Google Scholar
  20. Vivi T. and Drar M. (1950) Flora of Egypt. Bull. Fac. Sci., Vol. 11 No. 28, Fouad I Univ., Cairo.Google Scholar
  21. Waller R. A. and Duncan D. B. (1969) Abaysrule for the symmetric multiple comparison problem. Amer. Stat. Assoc. J. 12, 1485–1503.Google Scholar
  22. Wallis R. C. (1954) A study of oviposition activity of mosquitoes. Am. J. Hyg. 60, 135–168.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Weathersby A. B. (1963) Harvesting mosquito pupae with cold water. Mosq. News 23, 249–251.Google Scholar
  24. Wirth W. W. and Morris C. (1985) The taxonomic complex culicoides Variipennis. In Blue Tongue and Related Orbiviruses (Edited by Barber T. L. and Jochim M. M.), pp. 165–175. Alam R. Liss Inc., New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. A. Eid
    • 1
  • M. A. E. Kandil
    • 1
  • Eman B. Moursy
    • 1
  • G. E. M. Sayed
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of AgricultureCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Economic EntomologyCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

Personalised recommendations