Advertisement

Influence of Diet on Life History and Predatory Capacity of Amblyseius zaheri Yousef & El-Brolossy (Acari: Phytoseiidae)

  • Aly H. RasmyEmail author
  • F. M. Momen
  • M. A. Zaher
  • G. M. Abou-Elella
Research Article

Abstract

Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of diet on the biology and predation capacity of the phytoseiid mite Amblyseius zaheri Yousef & El-Brolossy. The predatory mite was able to develop and reproduce when fed on nymphs of the twospotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch, nymphs of the citrus brown mite Eutetranychus orientalis Klein, motile stages of the eriophyid mite Eriophyes dioscoridis Soliman & Abou-Awad, eggs of the scale insect Parlatoria ziziphus Lucas, nymphs of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) and pollen grains of date palm, Phoenix dactylifera. The predatory mite’s development was fastest on a diet of nymphs of Er. dioscoridis. All of the diets led to a female-biased progeny, which was most pronounced in predators fed on date palm pollen. The results are discussed in light of the biological control capacity of the phytoseiid mite.

Key Words

Amblyseius zaheri Phytoseiidae spider mites life history biological control predation 

Résumé

Des expérimentations de laboratoire ont été réalisées afin d’étudier les effets de l’alimentation sur la biologie et la capacité prédatrice de l’acarien phytoséide Amblyseius zaheri Yousef & El-Brolossy. L’acarien prédateur est capable de se développer et de se reproduire lorsqu’il est alimenté avec des nymphes de l’acarien à deux points Tetranychus urticae Koch, des nymphes de l’acarien brun du citronnier Eutetranychus orientalis Klein, des stades mobiles de l’acarien eriophyide Eriophyes dioscoridis Soliman & Abou-Awad, d’oeufs de la cochenille Parlatoria ziziphus Lucas, de nymphes de la mouche blanche Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) et de grains de pollen du palmier dattier Phoenix dactylifera. Le développement de l’acarien prédateur est plus rapide lorsqu’il est alimenté avec des nymphes d’E. dioscoridis. Tous les régimes alimentaires induisent une descendance biaisée en faveur des femelles, qui est cependant plus prononcée chez les prédateurs alimentés avec du pollen de palmier dattier. On discute des résultats à la lumière des capacités de contrôle biologique du phytoséide.

Mots Clés

Amblyseius zaheri Phytoseiidae acariens table de vie lutte biologique prédation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abou-Awad B.A., Nasr A.K., Gommaa E.A. and Abou-Elela M.M. (1989) Life history of the predatory mite Cydnodromella negevi and the effect of nutrition on its biology (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Insect Sci. Applic. 10, 617–623.Google Scholar
  2. Afifi A.M., Patterson C.G., Potts M.F. and Rodriguez J.C. (1988) Comparative attractancy of 3 phytoseiid predator species to the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychns urticae Koch. Trans. Kentucky Acad. Sci. 49, 96–100.Google Scholar
  3. Duso C. and Camporese P. (1991) Developmental times and oviposition rates of predatory mites Typhlodromus pyri and Amblyseius andersoni (Acari: Phytoseiidae) reared on different foods. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 13, 117–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. El-Badry E.A. and El-Banhawy E.M. (1968) The effect of non-prey food, mainly pollen, on the development, survival and fecundity of Amblyseius gossypii (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Entomol. Exp. Appl. 11, 269–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. El-Brolossy M.A. (1979) Ecological studies on some predacious mites. MSc Thesis, Cairo University. 101 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Momen F.M. (1995) Feeding, development and reproduction of Amblyseius barkeri (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) on various kinds of substances. Acarologi. 36, 101–105.Google Scholar
  7. Muma M.M. (1964) The population of Phytoseiidae on Florida citrus. The Florida Entomologis. 47, 5–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Rasmy A.H., Zaher M.A., Momen F.M. and Abou-EIella G.M. (2000) The effect of prey species on biology and predatory efficiency of some phytoseiid mites: 1-Amblyseius deleoni. Egyptian J. Biol. Pest Contr. 10, 117–121.Google Scholar
  9. Schausberger P. (1991) Vergleichende Untersuchungen zum Lebensverlauf, die Erstteilung von Lebenstafeln und die Vermehrungskapazitat von Amblyseius aberrans und Amblyseius finlandicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Pflanzenschutzbericht. 52, 53–71.Google Scholar
  10. Swirski E., Amatai S. and Dorzia N. (1967) Laboratory studies on the feeding, development and reproduction of the predacious mites Amblyseius rubini and Amblyseius swirskii on various kinds of food substances. Israel J. Agric. Res. 17, 101–119.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aly H. Rasmy
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. M. Momen
    • 1
  • M. A. Zaher
    • 2
  • G. M. Abou-Elella
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Protection DeptNational Research CentreDokki, CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

Personalised recommendations