Screening Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Accessions for Resistance to the Twospotted Spider Mite Tetranychus urticae Koch: Population Growth Studies

  • Markus KnappEmail author
  • Debora Apiyo Mugada
  • Stephen Gaya Agong
Research Article


The resistance of 63 tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) accessions to the twospotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), was investigated in screen house experiments and compared to Money Maker, a T. urticae-susceptible variety widely grown in Kenya. The number of motile mite stages 12 days after inoculation with 5 adult female mites was significantly lower than in the control variety (Money Maker) in seven accessions (Marglobe, Roma-VF, 94 RT 330, Continental Michel, Early Pearson, ARP 366-4 and 94 RT 316). Egg numbers were significantly lower than in the control in 14 accessions (Marglobe, Cal-J-VF, Roma-VF, Beauty, 95 RT 315, 93 KT 20, EC.3504, 94 RT 313, EC-1193, Continental Michel, Early Pearson, ARP 366-4, 94 RT 316 and Malawi Local 3). This study reveals the existence of resistance to T. urticae in the tomato accessions.

Key Words

Lycopersicon esculentum resistance Tetranychus urticae tomato twospotted spider mite 


La rèsistance de 63 variétés de tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) à l’acarien vert Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) a été étudiée en conditions de serre et comparée à une variété sensible à T. urticae appelée “Money Maker”, largement cultivée au Kenya. Le nombre d’acariens vivants, 12 jours après infestation par 5 femelles adultes, a été significativement plus faible sur sept variétés (Marglobe, Roma-VF, 94 RT 330, Continental Michel, Early Pearson, ARP 366-4 et 94 RT 316) que sur la variété témoin (Money Maker). Le nombre d’oeuf a été également significativement plus faible sur 14 variétés (Marglobe, Cal-J-VF, Roma-VF, Beauty, 95 RT 315, 93 KT 20, EC.3504, 94 RT 313, EC-1193, Continental Michel, Early Pearson, ARP 366-4, 94 RT 316 et Malawi Local 3) que sur la variété sensible témoin (Money Maker). Cette étude révèle l’èxistence d’une rèsistance à T. urticae chez certaines variètès de tomate.

Mots Clés

Lycopersicon esculentum résistance Tetranychus urticae tomate acarien vert 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aina O.J., Rodriguez J.G. and Knavel D.E. (1972) Characterizing resistance to Tetranychus urticae in tomato. J. Econ. Entomol. 65, 641–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ampofo J.K.O. (1995) Utilising host plant resistance in integrated pest management (IPM) systems for the small-scale farmers in Africa, pp. 38–45. In Integrating Biological Control and Host Plant Resistance. Proceedings of a CTA/IAR/IIBC Seminar, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9–14 October 1995.Google Scholar
  3. Barbour J.D., Farrar Jr. R.R. and Kennedy G.G. (1991) Interaction of fertilizer regime with host-plant resistance in tomato. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 60, 289–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cantelo W.W., Boswell A.L. and Argauer R.J. (1974) Tetranychus mite repellent in tomato. Environ. Entomol. 3, 128–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chatzivasileiadis E.A. and Sabelis M.W. (1997) Toxicity of methyl ketones from tomato trichomes to Tetranychus urticae Koch. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 21, 473–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chiavegato L.G. and Mischan M.M. (1981) Resistência de variedades de tomateiro Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. ao ácaro Tetranychus (T.) urticae (Koch 1836)Google Scholar
  7. Boudreaux & Dosse, 1963 (Acari, Tetranychidae) em condições de laboratório. Cientific. 9, 267–271.Google Scholar
  8. East D.A., Edelson J.V., Cox E.L. and Harris M.K. (1992) Evaluation of screening methods and search for resistance in muskmelon, Cucumis melo L. to the twospotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch. Crop Prot. 11, 39–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Farrar R.R. Jr. and Kennedy G.G. (1991) Insect and mite resistance in tomato, pp. 122–142. In Genetic Improvement of Tomato. Monographs on Theoretical and Applied Genetics 14 (Edited by G. Kalloo). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  10. Gentile A.G., Webb R.E. and Stoner A.K. (1969) Lycopersicon and Solanum spp. resistant to the carmine and two-spotted spider mite. J. Econ. Entomol. 62, 834–836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gilbert J.C., Chinn J.T. and Tanaka J.S. (1966) Spider mite tolerance in multiple disease resistant tomatoes. Proc. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 89, 559–562.Google Scholar
  12. Gilbert J.C., Tanaka J.S. and Takeda K.Y. (1974) ‘Kewalo’ tomato. Hort Scienc. 9, 481–482.Google Scholar
  13. Good D.E. Jr. and Snyder J.C. (1988) Seasonal variation of leaves and mite resistance of Lycopersicon interspecific hybrids. Hort Scienc. 23, 891–894.Google Scholar
  14. Leite G.L.D, Picanço M., Guedes R.N.C. and Zununcio J.S. (1999) Influence of canopy height and fertilization levels on the resistance of Lycopersicon hirsutum to Aculops lycopersici (Acari: Eriophyidae). Exp. Appl. Acarol. 23, 633–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rasmy A.H. (1985) The biology of the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae as affected by resistant solanaceous plants. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 13, 325–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rodriguez J., Knavel D.E. and Aina O.J. (1972) Studies in the resistance of tomatoes to mites. J. Econ. Entomol. 65, 50–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. SAS Institute (2001) SAS/STAT, version 8.02. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.Google Scholar
  18. Snyder J.C. and Hyatt J.P. (1984) Influence of day length on trichome densities and leaf volatiles of Lycopersicon species. Plant Sci. Lett. 37, 177–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Stoner A.K. (1992) Bibliography of plant resistance to arthropods in vegetables 1977–1991. Phytoparasitic. 20, 125–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Stoner A.K., Frank J.A. and Gentile A.G. (1968) The relationship of glandular hairs on tomatoes to spider mite resistance. Proc. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 93, 532–553.Google Scholar
  21. Stoner A.K. and Springfellow T. (1967) Resistance of tomato varieties to spider mites. Proc. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 90, 324–329.Google Scholar
  22. Weston P.A., Johnson D.A., Burton H.T. and Snyder J.C. (1989) Trichome secretion composition, trichome densities, and spider mite resistance of ten accessions of Lycopersicon hirsutum. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 114, 492–498.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Knapp
    • 1
    Email author
  • Debora Apiyo Mugada
    • 2
  • Stephen Gaya Agong
    • 2
  1. 1.International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)NairobiKenya
  2. 2.Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT)NairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations