International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 869–876 | Cite as

Spatial and Temporal Changes in the Abundance of Helicoverpa (= Heliothis) Armigera (Hubner) in India

  • C. P. Srivastava
  • M. P. Pimbert
  • W. Reed
Research Article


A pheromone trap network was used to study the temporal and spatial variations in the abundance of the pod borer, Helicoverpa (= Heliothis) armigera (Hubner) in India. The pattern of pheromone trap catches of Helicoverpa armigera was similar within any given agro-climatic zone but there were also obvious changes with latitude in patterns of trap catches. The catches were generally higher and had more sharply defined peaks, at northern locations than at southern locations. The catches at the eastern locations were lower than those elsewhere. The practical applications of this information for pest control are discussed.

Key Words

Pheromone trap Helicoverpa armigera agro-climatic zone 

Mots Cléfs

Pièges à phéromone Helicoverpa armigera zones agro-écologiques 


Un réseau de pièges à phéromone a été établi pour étudier les variations spatiotemporelles dans l’abondance des populations de Helicoverpa (= Heliothis) armigera (Hubner) en Inde. Cet article présente une synthèse des résultats obtenus pour la période 1981–1988. L’activité de cette noctuelle nuisible est semblable au sein de chaque zone agro-climatique étudiée et varie en fonction de la latitude. Les piégeages sont plus importants, avec des pics bien définis, dans le Nord que dans les zones du Sud de l’Inde. A l’Est du pays les résultats des piégeages indiquent que les populations de Helicoverpa armigera sont peu abondantes dans le temps. L’intérêt de ces résultats pour les programmes de lutte contre cet insecte nuisible est mis en évidence.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bhatnagar V. S., Lateef S. S., Sithanantham S., Pawar C. S. and Reed W. (1982) Research on Heliothis at ICRISAT. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Heliothis Management, 15–20 November 1981 at ICRISAT Center, Patancheru, AP, India, pp. 385–396.Google Scholar
  2. Dent D. R. and Pawar C. S. (1988) The influence of moonlight and weather on catches of Helicoverpa armigera(Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in light and pheromone traps. Bull. entomol. Res. 78, 367–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anonymous (1982) Fertilizer Statistics. The Fertilizer Association of India, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  4. Anonymous (1988) Fertilizer Statistics. The Fertilizer Association of India, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  5. Jayaraj S. (1982) Biological and ecological studies of Heliothis. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Heliothis Management, 15–20 November 1981, ICRISAT Center, Patancheru P. O. 502324, AP, India, pp. 17–28.Google Scholar
  6. Lal S. S. and Sachan J. N. (1987) Recent advances in pest management in pulses. Ind. Farm., October, 29–35.Google Scholar
  7. Manjunath T. M., Bhatnagar V. S., Pawar C. S. and Sithanantham S. (1989) Economic importance of Heliothis spp. in India and an assessment of their natural enemies and host plants. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Biological Control of Heliothis. Increasing the Effectiveness of Natural Enemies, 11–15 November, 1985 at New Delhi, India, pp. 197–228.Google Scholar
  8. Nesbitt B. F., Beevor P. S., Hall D. R. and Lester R. (1980) (Z)-9-Hexadecenal: a minor component of the female sex pheromone of Heliothis armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Entomol. Exp. Appl. 27, 306–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Pawar C. S., Sithanantham S., Bhatnagar V. S., Srivastava C. P. and Reed W. (1988) The development of sex pheromone trapping of Heliothis armigera at ICRISAT, India. Trop. Pest Manage. 34, 39–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pawar C. S., Sithanantham S., Sharma H. C, Taneja S. L., Amin P. W., Leuschner K. and Reed W. (1984) Use and development of insect traps at ICRISAT. In Proceedings of the National Seminar on Use of Traps for Pest/Vector Research and Control, 10–11 March 1984, BCKV, Kalyani, West Bengal, India. pp. 133–151.Google Scholar
  11. Pawar C. S., Srivastava C. P. and Reed W. (1983) Pheromone trap network for Heliothis armigera in India. Int. Pigeonpea Newsl. 2, 60–61.Google Scholar
  12. Reed W. (1965) Heliothis armigera (Hubner) (Noctuidae) in Western Tanganyika (i) Biology with special reference to the pupal stage (ii) Ecology, natural and chemical control. Bull. entomol. Res. 56, 117–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Roome R. E. (1975) Activity of adult Heliothis armigera with reference to the flowering of sorghum and maize in Botswana. Bull. entomol. Res. 65, 523–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sachan J. N. (1987) Status of the gram pod borer, Heliothis armigera (Hubner) in India and its management. In Recent Advances in Entomology (Edited by Mathur Y. K., Bhattacharya A. K., Pandey N. D., Upadhyaya A. K. and Srivastava J. P.), pp. 91–110. New Gopal Printing Press, Kanpur, India.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. P. Srivastava
    • 1
  • M. P. Pimbert
    • 1
  • W. Reed
    • 1
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia

Personalised recommendations