Advertisement

Comparative Analysis of Some Parameters Affecting Maize Streak Virus (MSV) Transmission of Various Cicadulina spp. Populations

  • V. A. O. Okoth
  • Z. T. Dabrowski
  • G. Thottappilly
  • H. F. van Emden
Research Article

Abstract

Three populations of C. mbila originating from the rain forest (Ibadan), southern part of sudan savanna (Kadawa, Kano) and the Jos Plateau, and C. triangula population from Ibadan (Moor Plantation) were compared in relation to their ability to acquire and transmit maize streak virus (MSV). Acquisition and transmission efficiency increased with time of access feeding. Joint regression analysis showed that the populations did not differ significantly from each other in transmission efficiency of the virus. Nymphs and adults of some populations acquired MSV in 30 sec and adults transmitted the virus during the 2-hr inoculation access. Efficiency of virus transmission generally increased with acquisition or inoculation time.

The minimum latent period of maize streak virus in the various Cicadulina populations was 14–18 hr and the medium latent period (LP 50) was 16–20 hr. Some individuals in all populations retain the virus throughout their lives.

Since the various Cicadulina populations were largely similar in their ability to acquire and transmit the virus into healthy maize, other factors which might be implicated in the epidemiology of maize streak disease are discussed.

Key Words

Maize streak virus C. mbila C. triangula maize 

Résumé

-On procède actuellement à une étude critique des informations diponibles sur la biologie de Cicadulina spp. principalement centrée sur le recours possible à plusieurs espèces pour l’élevage de masse et le criblage en fonction de la résistance du maïs au Virus de la Striure (MSV). L’article qui suit résume les aspects suivants: (a) effet du schéma de dissémination et de la composition de l’espèce sur l’efficacité de la collecte de spécimens vivants en vue de l’éstablissement d’une colonie de base pour l’élevage de masse, (b) effets de la température et de l’humidité sur la biologie et la fécondité des espèces, (c) spécificité des espèces vectrices du MSV, (d) préférence pour le plant-höte et adaptation aux conditions d’élevage de masse. Tous ces paramètres déterminent le choix de diverses espèces de Cicadulina en tant que vecteurs utilisés dans le cadre de la sélection à la résistance au Virus de la Striure du Maïs.

Mots Cléfs

Virus de la striure du maïs C. mbila C. triangula maïs 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anno-Nyako F. O., Vetten H. J., Allen D. J. and Thottappilly G. (1983) The relation between cowpea golden mosaic and its vector Bemisia tabaci. Ann. appl. Biol 102, 319–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bennett C. W. and Wallace H. E. (1938) Relation of the curly top virus to the vector, Eutettix tenellus (Bakes). J. agric. Res. 56, 31–51.Google Scholar
  3. Bennett C. W. (1971) The curly top diseases of sugarbeet and other plants. Am. Phyt. Soc. Monogr. 7. St. Paul, Minnesota.Google Scholar
  4. Bock K. R. (1982) Germinivirus diseases in tropical crops. Plant Disease Rept. 66, 266–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bock K. R., Guthrie E. J. and Woods R. D. (1974) Purification of maize streak virus and its relationship to viruses associated with streak disease of sugarcane and Panicum maximum. Ann. appi Biol. 77, 289–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Damsteegt V. D. (1984) Maize streak virus: Effect of temperature on vector and virus. Phytopath. 74, 1317–1319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Day M. F., Irzykiewicz H. and McKinnon A. (1952) Observations on the feeding of the virus vector Orosius argentatus (Evans) and comparison with certain other jassids. Aus. J. Sci. Res. Ser B.5, 128–142.Google Scholar
  8. Fajemisin J. M. and Shoyinka S. A. (1977) Maize streak and other maize virus diseases in West Africa. (Edited by Williams L. E., Gordon D. T. and Nault L. R.), pp. 52–61. Proc. Int. maize virus disease colloquium and workshop Aug. 16–19, 1976, Ohio Agric. Res. and Develop. Center, Wooster, Ohio 44691, USA, pp 145.Google Scholar
  9. Fajemisin J. M., Cook G. E., Okusanya F. and Shoyinka S. A. (1976) Maize streak epiphytotic in Nigeria. Plant Dis. Rept. 60, 443–447.Google Scholar
  10. Fajemisin J. M., Dabrowski Z. T., Efron Y. and Kim S. K. (1986) Weather factors associated with recurring maize streak epidemics. Presented at the World Meteorological Organization IITA Conference on Agrometeorology and Plant Protection in the Lowland Humid and Sub-humid Tropics, Cotonou, Benin Rep., July 7–11, 1986.Google Scholar
  11. Goodman R. M. (1981) Review article Geminiviruses. J. Gen. Virol. 54, 9–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guthrie E. J. (1977) Virus diseases of maize in East Africa (Edited by Williams L. E., Gordon D. T. and Nault L. R.), pp. 62–68. Proc. International Maize Virus Disease Colloquium and Workshop. Aug. 16–19, 1976, Ohio Agric. Res. and Develop. Center, Wooster, Ohio 44691, USA, pp 145.Google Scholar
  13. Guthrie E. J. (1978) Measurement of yield losses caused by maize streak disease. Plant Disease Rept. 62, 839–841.Google Scholar
  14. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (1975) Survey of disease and insect damage. Annual Report for 1975, 163–164. Ibadan, Nigeria.Google Scholar
  15. Lastra R. and Gil F. (1981) Ultrastructural host cell changes associated with tomato yellow mosaic Phytopath. 71, 524–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Okoth V. A. O., Dabrowski Z. T. and van Emden H. F. (1987) Comparative biology of some Cicadulina species and populations from various climatic zones in Nigeria. Bull ent. Res. 11, 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rose D. J. W. (1974) The epidemiology of maize streak disease in relation to population density of Cicadulina spp. Ann. appl. Biol. 76, 199–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rose D. J. W. (1983) The distribution of various species of Cicadulina in different African countries, frequency of their attack and impact on crop production. (Edited by Knight W. J., Pant N. C. Robertson T. S. and Wilson M. R.), pp 297–304. Proc. Ist Int. Workshop on Biotaxonomy, Classification and Biology of Leafhoppers and Planthoppers (Auchenorrhyncha) of Economic Importance, London, 4–7. October, 1982. Commonw. Inst. Ent.Google Scholar
  19. Sequeira J. C. and Harrison B. D. (1982) Serological studies on cassava latent virus. Ann. Appl. Biol. 101, 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Soto P. E., Buddenhagen I. W. and Asnani V. L. (1982) Development of streak virusresistant maize populations through improved challenge and selection methods. Ann. appl. Biol. 100, 539–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Storey H. H. (1925) The transmission of streak disease of maize by the leafhopper Balclutha mkila Nande. Ann. app. Biol 12, 422–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Storey H. H. (1928) Transmission studies of maize streak virus disease. Ann. appl. Biol. 15, 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Storey H. H. (1938) Investigation of the mechanism of the transmission of plant viruses by insect vectors. 11. The part played by puncture in transmission. Proc. R. soc. Lond. ser. B. 125, 455–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sylvester E. S. (1965) The latent period of pea enation mosaic virus in the pea aphid Acyrthosium pisum (Harris)—An approach to its estimation. Virology 25, 62–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Thottappilly G., Zagre Mbi B. and Rossel, H. W. (1986) Relationship between maize streak virus and leafhopper vector Cicadulina triangula. (in Press).Google Scholar
  26. Van Rensburg G. D. J. (1981) Effect of plant age at the time of infection with maize streak virus on yield of maize. Phytophylactica 13, 197–198.Google Scholar
  27. Van Rensburg G. D. J. (1982) Laboratory observations on the biology of Cicadulina mbila (Naudé) (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), a vector of maize streak disease. 2. The effect of selected host plants. Phytophylactica 14, 109–111.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. O. Okoth
    • 1
  • Z. T. Dabrowski
    • 1
  • G. Thottappilly
    • 1
  • H. F. van Emden
    • 2
  1. 1.International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)IbadanNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Applied EntomologyUniversity of ReadingReadingUK

Personalised recommendations