Epidemiological Investigations of Visceral Leishmaniasis in the West Pokot District, Kenya
Studies of the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis in the West Pokot focus have revealed that Sergentomyia bedfordi, S. antennatus and S. schwetzi are the most abundant sandfly species. The latter have been shown to feed mainly on lizards. Phlebotomus martini was encountered in termite hills in the ventilation shafts, and showed an even distribution among the termite hills throughout the district where kala-azar cases were detected. Investigations into the relationship between termite hills and the presence of kala-azar cases in various homes were carried out. All homes afflicted with kala-azar had a termite hill or hills within a 10-m radius. The period of time spent in own homestead by each kala-azar case was to establish if each kala-azar patient contracted the disease in the focus of investigation.
Key WordsLeishmaniasis kala-azar epidemiology Phlebotomus Sergentomyia Elisa test termite hills
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