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Social Problems in Pest Management in the Tropics

  • Dale G. Bottrell
Article

Abstract

Use of synthetic organic chemical pesticides introduced after World War II has resulted in a number of health, environmental, and socioeconomic problems discussed here. Both developed and developing countries have been affected. The problems in the developing countries of the tropics came about largely because of an error in transfer of technology. Pesticide technology developed by and for use in the developed countries was exported to countries with cultures and social structures that were not prepared to absorb this technology. Integrated pest management (IPM), an approach that reduces pest damage to tolerable levels through a variety of techniques, including natural enemies, genetically resistant crops, environmental modifications, and, when necessary and appropriate, chemical pesticides, represents an important trend toward rational management of crop pests in the developing countries. However, simply exporting IPM ‘packages’ from developed to developing countries would also be an error in transfer of technology. Each situation must be evaluated individually under actual farming conditions, and the IPM program must be tailored for the particular group of intended beneficiaries. Some of the interrelated social, attitudinal and institutional factors that should be evaluated are discussed.

Key Words

Socioeconomics social factors pest management integrated pest management crop protection tropics interdisciplinary requirements subsistence agriculture developing countries 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dale G. Bottrell
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California, Berkeley, Consortium for International Crop ProtectionBerkeleyUSA

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