Resistance of Some Sorghum Lines to the Spotted Stalk-Borer Chilo Partellus Under Western Kenya Conditions
Field observations on Chilo infestation of 100 promising sorghum lines showed that there are six levels of relationship affecting plant colonization and damage level by stem-borers: non-preference for oviposition (E 302, E 303, IS 1044, IS 1151, IS 2162, IS 4660, IS 17739, IS 18328, IS 18349, IS 18479, and IS 18489); feeding of the first larval instars on young leaves (reduced on E 302, E 303, IS 1044, IS 2162, IS 2209, IS 18349 and IS 18427); causing of ‘dead hearts’ by young larval instars due to extensive feeding in stems of young plants (lower for IS 2162, IS 2263, IS 18328, IS 18349); tunnelling (extent and location) of older instars in stems (low in IS 4660, IS 18427 and IS 18479); tolerance of plants to leaf damage (in spite of high damage, plants form panicles) (IS 2205); and tolerance of plants to larval feeding in stems (in spite of high tunnelling, the plants form seeds). The effect of a number of cultivars showing different levels and mechanisms of resistance on the Chilo behaviour and biology was studied in depth under field conditions.
Key WordsChilo partellus the spotted stalk-borer antibiosis tolerance non-preference oviposition preference resistance sorghum
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