Advertisement

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 373–376 | Cite as

Oviposition Behaviour of Spotted Bollworm, Earias Vittella Fab. on Some Cotton Genotypes

  • H. C. Sharma
  • R. A. Agarwal
Article

Abstract

—The oviposition behaviour of spotted bollworm, Earias vittella Fab. was studied on 23 cotton genotypes under field and laboratory conditions. There were substantial differences in the number of eggs laid on different genotypes. More eggs were deposited on the bolls compared to leaves and squares. The relative oviposition preference differed under the field and laboratory conditions in the case of some genotypes. Leaf hairiness was significantly and positively correlated with number of eggs laid both under field and laboratory conditions. The effect of oviposition on varietal susceptibility appeared to be modified through other factors, such as gossypol and tannins. However, oviposition non-preference was one of the important resistance mechanisms in some cotton genotypes.

Key Words

Oviposition behaviour spotted bollworm cotton bolls squares host plant resistance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agarwal R. A. and Katiyar K. N. (1974) Ovipositional preference and damage by spotted bollworm (Eariasfabia Stoll) in cotton. Cotton Development 4, 28–30.Google Scholar
  2. Bottger G. T., Sheehan E. T. and Lukefahr M. J. (1964) Relation of gossypol content of cotton plants for insect resistance. J. econ. Ent. 57, 283–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Budford W. T., Jenkins J. N. and Maxwell F. G. (1967) laboratory technique to evaluate boll weevils’ ovipositional preference among cotton lines. Crop Sci. 7, 579–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Budford W. T., Jenkins J. N. and Maxwell F. G. (1968) A boll weevil oviposition suppression factor in cotton. Crop Sci. 8, 647–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chan B. G. and Waiss Jr. A. C. (1978) Condensed tannin, an antibiotic chemical from Gossypium hirsutum. J. Insect. Physiol. 24, 113–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Deshpande B. P. and Nandkarny N. T. (1936) The spotted bollworms of cotton, Earias fabia Stoll and Earias insu-lana Boisd. in South Gujarat, Bombay Presidency. I.C.A.R. Sci. Monogr. 10, 1–208.Google Scholar
  7. Elliger C. A., Chan B. G. and Waiss Jr., A. C. (1978) Relative toxicity of minor cotton terpenoids compared to gossypol. J. econ. Ent. 71, 161–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lukefahr M. J. and Martin D. F. (1966) Cotton plant pigments as a source of resistance to the bollworm and tobacco budworm. J. econ. Ent. 59, 176–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Maxwell F. G., Lafever H. H. and Jenkins J. N. (1966) Influence of glandless genes in cotton on feeding, ovi-position and development of boll weevil in the laboratory. J. econ. Ent. 59, 585–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mehta R. C. and Saxena K. N. (1970) Ovipositional responses of the cotton spotted bollworm, Earias fabia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in relation to its establishment in various plants. Ent. exp. Appl. 13, 10–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sharma H. C. and Agarwal R. A. (1982a) Effect of some antibiotic compounds in Gossypium on the post-embryonic development of spotted bollworm (Earias vittella). Ent. exp. Appl. 31, 225–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sharma H. C. and Agarwal R. A. (1982b) Consumption and utilization of bolls of different cotton genotypes by larvae of Earias vittella Fab. and effect of gossypol and tannins on food utilization. Zeit, angew. Zool. 68, 13–38.Google Scholar
  13. Sharma H. C. and Agarwal R. A. (1982c) Factors affecting genotypic susceptibility to spotted bollworm (Earias vittella Fab.) in cotton. Insect Sci. Application (in press).Google Scholar
  14. Sharma H. C. and Agarwal R. A. (1982d) Resistance mechanism of some cotton genotypes to shoot damage by spotted bollworm (Earias vittella Fab.). Protection Ecology (Holland) (in press).Google Scholar
  15. Sharma H. C., Agarwal R. A. and Munshi Singh (1982) Effect of some antibiotic compounds in cotton on post-embryonic development of spotted bollworm (Earias vittella Fab.) and mechanism of resistance in Gossypium arboreum. Proc. Indian. Acad. Sci. (Anim. Sci.) 91, 67–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shaver T. N. and Lukefahr M. J. (1969) Effect of flavonoid pigments and gossypol on the growth and development of bollworm, tobacco budworm and pink bollworm, J. econ. Ent. 69, 643–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Stipanovic R. D., Bell A. A. and Lukefahr M. J. (1976) Natural insecticides of cotton, structural analysis and toxicology of Heliocides. 172 nd. Nat. Mfg. Amer. Chem. Soc. Aug. 29-Sept. 3, 1976. San Francisco.Google Scholar
  18. Stipanovic R. D., Bell A. A., O’Brien D. H. and Lukefahr M. J. (1977) Heliocide-H2 an insecticidal sesquiterpenod from cotton (Gossypium). Tetrahedron Lett. 567–570.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. C. Sharma
    • 1
  • R. A. Agarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations