Advertisement

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 251–257 | Cite as

Studies of the Biology and Behaviour of Phlebotomus Martini (Diptera:Phlebotomidae) from Kibauni, in Machakos District, Kenya

  • Ranjna Verma Kapur
  • Mutuku J. Mutinga
Article

Abstract

Phlebotomus martini, a sandfly belonging to the Synphlebotomus group, is the main vector of the fatal disease kala-azar in Kenya. The breeding sites of this species have so far remained a mystery, and immature stages have not yet been observed in nature. Collection of adult P. martini was done through human-bait. Immature stages, obtained from these catches, were reared to the adult stage in the laboratory for the first time. The size and the rate of development of the various stages were studied at 27°C and 100% r.h. The mean duration from egg to adult was 56.1 days. Observations were made on the biting behaviour of sandflies during human-baiting. Preliminary observations of natural enemies encountered in the rearing cages are described.

Key Words

Phlebotomus Synphlebotomus sandfly breeding sandfly biology human-baiting 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aschner M. (1927) Observations on the breeding of Phlebotomus papatasii. Trans. R. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg. 20, 452–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hristopher S. R., Shortt H. E. and Barraud P. J. (1926) Technique employed in breeding Phlebotomus argentipes in Assam. Indian med. Res. Mem. 4, 173–175.Google Scholar
  3. Gemetchu T. (1976) The biology of laboratory colony of Phlebotomus longipes Parrot and Martin (Diptera, Phle-botomidae). J. med. Eni. 12, 661–671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hafez M. and Zein-El-Din K. (1964) Culturing of Phlebotomus papatasii (Scopoli) in the laboratory. Bull. ent. Res. 54, 657–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hertig M. and Johnson P. T. (1961) The rearing of Phlebotomus sandflies (Diptera:Psychodidae). 1. Technique. Ann. ent. Sot: Am. 54, 751–764.Google Scholar
  6. Kamlow M. G. (1934) Zur biologie der Phlebotomus. Arten Georgiens. Z. ParasitK.de 6, 546–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Minter D. M. (1962) Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus) celiae sp. nov. (Diptera, Psychodidae) and new sandfly from Kenya. Ann. trop. Med. Parasit. 56, 457–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Minter D. M. and Wijers D. J. B. (1963) Studies on the vector of kala-azar in Kenya. IV. Experimental evidence. Ann. trop. Med. Parasit. 57, 24–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mutinga M. J. (1972) Cutaneous leishmaniasis and its transmission factors. Ph.D. thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya.Google Scholar
  10. Mutinga M. J. (1978) Phlebotomus fauna in the cutaneous leishmaniasis focus of Mt. Elgon, Kenya. E. Afr. med. J. 52, 140–147.Google Scholar
  11. Mutinga M. J. (1980) Leishmaniasis vector behaviour in Kenya. In Isotope and Radiation Research on Animal Diseases and Their Vectors, pp. 195–304. IAEA-SM 240/19, Vienna.Google Scholar
  12. Mutinga M. J. and Ngoka J. M. (1978) Incrimination of the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Kenya. E. Afr. med. J. 55, 337–340.Google Scholar
  13. Theodor O. (1934) Observations on the hibernation of Phlebotomus papatasii (Dipt.). Bull. ent. Res. 25, 459–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wijers D. J. B. and, Minter D. M. (1963) Studies on the vector of kala-azar in Kenya. 1. Entomological evidence. Ann. trop. Med. Parasit. 56, 462–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ranjna Verma Kapur
    • 1
  • Mutuku J. Mutinga
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of NairobiKenya
  2. 2.International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)NairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations