Crocus sativus L., Iridaceae, has been used worldwide in traditional medicinefor treatment ofsome neurological disorderssuch as depression. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder developed in peoplewho experience stressful events. Since stress has been proposed to cause the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis malfunction in post-traumatic stress disorder patients, this study aimed at investigating the effect of saffron aqueous extract on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in rats of post-traumatic stress disorder model. Here, Post-traumatic stress disorder animals received an acute electro foot shock; however, 5 min before the stress session, these animals received an intracerebral-ventricular (10 (xg/rat) infusion of either saffron aqueous extract or saline. Twenty one days later, they were re-exposedto the stress box withoutinducing stress, andthen were examined for their freezing behavior. The impact of stress and saffron aqueous extract on serum corticosterone, corticotrophin releasing hormone gene expression in hypothalamus and glucocorticoid receptor gene expression in pituitary gland werethen evaluated on day 28. Intra-cerebral-ventricular injection of saffron aqueous extract resulted in an increase in serum corticosterone level and reduced symptoms of freezing behavior, and corticotrophin releasing hormone and glucocorticoid receptor gene expression in post-traumatic stress disorder groups.Saffron administration could improve the symptoms of stress-induced post-traumatic stress disorder, possiblythrough the adjustment ofhypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function.
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SA: experimental work; GPJ: design of the study, experimental work, drafting of the paper, major revisions and final approval for publication; BH: statistical analysis, scientific writing and final approval for publication; HS: design of the study and extract preparation; JRS: experimental work; SSS: design of the study; GHM: scientific writing and revision.
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Asalgoo, S., Jahromi, G.P., Hatef, B. et al. Saffron (Crocus sativus) aqueous extract reverses the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in rat model of post-traumatic stress disorder. Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. 29, 470–476 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2019.01.011
- Post traumatic stress disorder
- Saffron aqueous extract
- corticotrophin releasing hormone
- glucocorticoid receptor
- freezing behavior