Warifteine, an alkaloid of Cissampelos sympodialis, modulates allergic profile in a chronic allergic rhinitis model

Abstract

Cissampelos sympodialis Eichler, Menispermaceae, a Brazilian medicinal plant and its alkaloid warifteine present immunomodulatory activity on asthma experimental model by reducing antigen-specific IgE levels, eosinophil infiltration and lung hyperactivity. Allergic rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the nasal tissue that affect the quality of life and it is a risk factor for asthma exacerbation. This study evaluated the effect of inhaled warifteine in an allergic ovalbumin rhinitis model. Inhaled warifteine (2 mg/ml) treatment of ovalbumin-sensitized BALB/c mice significant decreased total and differential number of cells on the nasal cavity and decreased ovalbumin-specific IgE serum levels. Hematoxylin & eosin staining of histological preparations of ovalbumin nasal tissues showed changes such as congestion and a massive cell infiltration in the perivascular and subepithelial regions characterizing the nasal inflammatory process. However, inhaled warifteine or dexamethasone treatment decreased cell infiltration into the perivascular regions and it was observed an intact nasal tissue. Periodic acidic staining of nasal epithelium of ovalbumin animals demonstrated high amount of mucus production by goblet cells and inhaled warifteine or dexamethasone treatment modulated the mucus production. In addition, toluidine blue staining of the nasal epithelium of ovalbumin animals demonstrated an increase of mast cells on the tissue and inhaled warifteine or dexamethasone treatment decreased in average of 1.4 times the number of these cells on the nasal epithelium. Taken these data together we postulate that warifteine, an immunomodulatory alkaloid, can be a medicinal molecule prototype to ameliorate the allergic rhinitis conditions.

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Correspondence to Marcia R. Piuvezam.

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Authors’ contributions

PTB and MRP designed the study, supervised the laboratory work and contributed to critical reading of the manuscript. GCV, FAAFG, RFP and LKDPF were responsible for execution of the project and conducted data analysis and drafted the paper. JMBF gave warifteine for the study. All the authors reviewed and approved the manuscript.

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Vieira, G.C., Gadelha, F.A.A.F., Pereira, R.F. et al. Warifteine, an alkaloid of Cissampelos sympodialis, modulates allergic profile in a chronic allergic rhinitis model. Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. 28, 50–56 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2017.10.009

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Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Eosinophil
  • IgE
  • Nasal tissues
  • Mast cells
  • Warifteine