Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 441–452 | Cite as

Measurement and Analysis of Laser Generated Rayleigh and Lamb Waves Considering its Pulse Duration

  • Zhen Zhang
  • Yongdong Pan
  • Yi Xiao
  • Zheng Zhong


In this article, laser generated Rayleigh and Lamb waves are studied by taking into account its pulse duration. The physical model and theoretical solution are presented to predict the corresponding waveforms for aluminum samples under the ablation generation regime. The waveforms of the excited Rayleigh and Lamb waves by laser with selected pulse duration were measured by laser interferometer and analyzed theoretically, and the agreement between measurement and analysis is demonstrated for the validation of the theoretical model and solution. The broadening of the Rayleigh wave and the disappearing of high order Lamb wave modes can be found with the increase of the pulse duration by the laser ultrasonic technique.

Key Words

Rayleigh wave Lamb wave pulse duration laser ultrasonic technique 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hu, E., He, Y. and Chen, Y., Experimental study on the surface stress measurement with Rayleigh wave detection technique. Applied Acoustics, 2009, 70(2): 356–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lu, J., Hou, R., Chen, J.P., Shao, H. and Ni, X.W., et al., A new detection technique for laser-generated Rayleigh wave pulses. Optics Communications, 2001, 195(1): 221–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cawley, P. and Alleyne, D., The use of Lamb waves for the long range inspection of large structures. Ultrasonics, 1996, 34(2): 287–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prosser, W.H., Seale, M.D. and Smith, B.T., Time-frequency analysis of the dispersion of Lamb modes. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1999, 105: 2669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu, Z.Q. and Zhang, H.Y., Dispersion property of ultrasonic Lamb wave in solid-liquid-solid three-layered structure. Technical Acoustics, 2001, 10(2): 89–91 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Edwards, C., Stratoudaki, T., Dixon, S., Palmer, S.B., et al., Laser Generated Rayleigh and Lamb Waves. In: Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, AIP Publishing, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2002, 615: 284–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pan, Y., Zhong, Z. and Audoin, B., Propagation of waves excited by laser line pulse in a two-layered cylinder. Chinese Journal of Solid Mechanics, 2009, 30(6): 571–578 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Garban-Labaune, C., Fabre, E., Max, C.E., Fabbro, R., Amiranoff, F., Virmont, J. and Michard, A., et al., Effect of laser wavelength and pulse duration on laser-light absorption and back reflection. Physical Review Letters, 1982, 48: 1018–1021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Devos, A. and Lerouge, C., Evidence of laser-wavelength effect in picosecond ultrasonics: possible connection with interband transitions. Physical Review Letters, 2001, 86(12): 2669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Agostini, P., Kupersztych, J., Lompré, L.A., Petite, G. and Yergeau, F., et al., Direct evidence of ponderomotive effects via laser pulse duration in above-threshold ionization. Physical Review A, 1987, 36(8): 4111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guan, J.F., Shen, Z.H., Xu, B.Q. Lu, J. and Ni, X.W., Numerical analysis of ultrasonic guided waves generated by pulsed laser in plate. Journal of Optoelectronics Laser, 2005, 16(2): 231–235 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gao, H., Shen, Z., Gao, H.D, Shen, Z.H., Xu, X.D. and Zhang, S.Y., Theoretical study of surface acoustic wave generated by pulsed laser in solids. Applied Acoustics, 2002, 21(5): 19–24 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dehoux, T., Perton, M., Chigarev, N., Rossignol, C., Rampnoux, J.M. and Audoin, B., et al., Effect of laser pulse duration in picosecond ultrasonics. Journal of Applied Physics, 2006, 100(6): 064318-064318-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Von der Linde, D. and Sokolowski-Tinten, K., The physical mechanisms of short-pulse laser ablation. Applied Surface Science, 2000, 154: 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Davies, S.J., Edwards, C., Taylor, G.S. and Palmer, S.B., et al., Laser-generated ultrasound: its properties, mechanisms and multifarious applications. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 1993, 26(3): 329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Audoin, B. and Guilbaud, S., Acoustic waves generated by a line source in a viscoelastic anisotropic medium. Applied Physics Letter, 1998, 72(7): 774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu, J.M., Simple technique for measurements of pulsed Gaussian-beam spot sizes. Optics Letters, 1982, 7(5): 196–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Digonnet, M.J.F. and Gaeta, C.J., Theoretical analysis of optical fiber laser amplifiers and oscillators. Applied Optics, 1985, 24(3): 333–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhao, Y.J., Pan, Y.D. and Qian, M.L., Calculation of dispersive properties of ultrasonic waves in a functionally gradient plate. Technical Acoustics, 2007, 26(5): 1008–1009 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhao, J., Pan, Y. and Zhong, Z., Theoretical study of shear horizontal wave propagation in periodically layered piezoelectric structure. Journal of Applied Physics, 2012, 111(6): 064906-064906-11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li, F.C. and Meng, G., Dispersion analysis of Lamb waves with narrow frequency bands. Acta Physica Sinica, 2008, 57(7): 4265–4272 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shi, Y., Wooh, S.C. and Orwat, M., Laser-ultrasonic generation of Lamb waves in the reaction force range. Ultrasonics, 2003, 41(8): 623–633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and Technology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhen Zhang
    • 1
  • Yongdong Pan
    • 1
  • Yi Xiao
    • 1
  • Zheng Zhong
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied MechanicsTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations