Transient response of a bi-layered multiferroic composite plate
In this paper, a three-dimensional finite-element formulation for the multiferroic composite is developed and implemented into the commercial software ABAQUS for its transient analysis. First, a special three-dimensional eight-node solid element is designed to handle the multiferroic composite made of elastic, piezoelectric, and piezomagnetic materials. Second, a user-defined subroutine for this newly developed element is implemented into ABAQUS. Finally, the transient responses of a bi-layered multiferroic composite are calculated by using the direct time integration method. Two typical magnetic potential signals, Gauss and Ricker pulses, are applied to the composite with various time durations of excitation. The induced electric field shows that the transient response can be substantially influenced by the input signal, which could be tuned for the strongest electric output.
Key wordstransient response multiferroic piezoelectric piezomagnetic composite finite element
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