Super-Elastic Constitutive Model Considering Plasticity and its Finite Element Implementation
Based on the experimental results of super-elastic NiTi alloy, a three-dimensional super-elastic constitutive model including both of stress-induced martensite transformation and plasticity is constructed in a framework of general inelasticity. In the proposed model, transformation hardening, reverse transformation of stress-induced martensite, elastic mismatch between the austenite and martensite phases, and temperature-dependence of transformation stress and elastic modulus of each phase are considered. The plastic yielding of martensite occurred under high stress is addressed by a bilinear isotropic hardening rule. Drucker-Prager-typed transformation surfaces are employed to describe the asymmetric behavior of NiTi alloy in tension and compression. The prediction capability of the proposed model is verified by comparing the simulated results with the correspondent experimental ones. Based on backward Euler’s integration, a new expression of consistent tangent modulus is derived. The proposed model is then implemented into a finite element package ABAQUS by user-subroutine UMAT. Finally, the validity of such implementation was verified by some numerical samples.
Key wordsNiTi alloy super-elasticity plasticity finite element implementation
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