Advertisement

Mammalian Biology

, Volume 97, Issue 1, pp 13–21 | Cite as

Spatiotemporal pattern in the autumn invasion behaviour of the common pipistrelle, Pipistrellus pipistrellus: Review with a case study

  • Gréta Nusová
  • Miroslav Fulín
  • Marcel Uhrin
  • Dalibor Uhrovič
  • Peter KaňuchEmail author
Review

Abstract

Common pipistrelle bats are known for their autumn or late-summer invasions, when temporary groups of individuals fly into inhabited buildings in urban areas. This specific display has been reported since 1862. In this review, we collected all available records and analysed their spatiotemporal pattern within the species range with regard to the numbers and structure of individuals involved in such invasions (in total 1, 025 invasions from 51 publications and almost 80 unpublished or own records). We found that invasions occurred mostly in Central European towns in Slovakia, Czechia and Germany between 48 and 55° of northern latitude, mainly during the late decades of 20th century. Although the majority of invasions occurred just once or twice at a site and involved only dozens of individuals, sites that were repeatedly invaded also exhibited a higher number of bats involved (hundreds of individuals). The reviewed data suggest that predominantly young animals without sex bias took part in the invasions. A special emphasis was put on the city of Kosice, Slovakia, where invasions repeated annually since 1996, mostly in August and September, while bats altered the invasion sites during the analysed period. However, the number of invasions and invading individuals was related to the number of bats hibernating in the largest know hibernaculum in the species range (Erna cave). This review suggests that invasions are some misconduct associated with the migration into large swarming and hibernation sites while the social memory of adult females should be a mechanism facilitating such seasonal movements in young bats. However, social calls of inexperienced juveniles which got stuck inside buildings tend to lure other individuals into this ecological trap.

Anthropogenic habitats Ethology Vespertilionidae Swarming Winter roosts 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Avery, M.I., Racey, P.A., Fenton, M.B., 1984. Short distance location of hibernaculum by little brown bats Myotis lucifugus. J. Zool. 204, 588–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barclay, R.M.R., 1982. Night roosting behavior of the little brown bat, Myotislucifugus. J. Mammal. 63, 464–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barat, E.M., Deaville, R., Burland, T.M., Bruford, M.W., 1997. DNA answers the call of pipistrelle bat species. Nature 387, 138–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bartoničková, L., Reiter, A., Bartonička, T., 2016. Mating and courtship behaviour of two sibling bat species (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, P. pygmaeus) in the vicinity of a hibernaculum. Acta Chiropterol. 18, 467–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bihari, Z., 2000. Examination of bats straying into rooms. Myotis 37, 99–102.Google Scholar
  6. Boetticher, H.V., 1943. Lampenkörper als Fledermausfallen. Z. Säugetierkd. 15, 325–326.Google Scholar
  7. Bradbury, J.S., 1977. Social organization and communication. In: Wimsatt, W.A. (Ed.), The Biology of Bats, vol. III. Academic Press, New York, pp. 1–72.Google Scholar
  8. Bryja, J., Kaňuch, P., Fornůsková, A., Bartonička, T., Řehák, Z., 2009. Low population genetic structuring of two cryptic bat species suggests their migratory behaviour in continental Europe. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. 96, 103–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bücs, S., Jére, C., Csősz, I., Barti, L., Szodoray-Parádi, F., 2012. Distribution and conservation status of cave-dwelling bats in the Romanian Western Carpathians. Vespertilio 16, 97–116.Google Scholar
  10. Butovskij, P.M., 1974. Našestvija nětopyrej-karlikov (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreb.) v g. Alma-Ata vo vtoroj polovině leta [Invasions of Pipistrelluspipistrellus Schreb. into Alma-Ata in late summer]. In: Materialy pervogo vsesojuznogo soveščanija po rukokrylym (Chiroptera). Zoologičeskij institut Akademii nauk SSSR, Leningrad, pp. 101–103.Google Scholar
  11. Chachula, O.M., Puşcaş, R., Albuică, A., Meşter, L.E., 2016. “Peştera Mare de la Şălitrari” (Cerna valley)–an important bat shelter (Chiroptera, Mammalia) from SW Romania. Oltenia, Stud. Comun. Ştiinţ. Nat. 32, 121–126.Google Scholar
  12. Chaveri, G., Ancillotto, L., Russo, D., 2018. Social communication in bats. Biol. Rev. 93, 1938–1954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cordes, B., 2018. Invasionen der Zwergfledermaus (Pipistrellus pipistrellus): eineHerausforderung für den Artenschutz. Säugetierkd. Inf. 11, 53–58.Google Scholar
  14. Dietz, C., Kiefer, A., 2016. Bats of Britain and Europe. Bloomsbury Publishing, London.Google Scholar
  15. Dietz, C., von Helversen, O., Nill, D., 2009. Bats of Britain, Europe and Northwest Africa. A and C Black, London.Google Scholar
  16. Dumitrescu, M., Orghidan, T., 1963. Contribution à la connaissance de la biologie do Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber. Ann. Speleol. 18, 511–517.Google Scholar
  17. Eisentraut, M., 1936. Ergebnisse der Fledermausberingung nach dreijähriger Versuchszeit. Z. Morphol. Ökol. Tiere 31, 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Eisentraut, M., 1957. Aus dem Leben der Fledermäuse und Flughunde. Veb Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.Google Scholar
  19. Gaisler, J., Chytil, J., Vlašín, M., 1990. The bats of S-Moravian lowlands (Czechoslovakia) over thirty years. Acta Sci. Nat., Brno 24 (9), 1–50.Google Scholar
  20. Gaisler, J., Hanák, V., Hanzal, V., Jarský, V., 2003. Výsledky kroužkování netopýrů včeské republice a na Slovensku, 1948–2000. Vespertilio 7, 3–61.Google Scholar
  21. Gerell, R., Lundberg, K., 1985. Social organization in the bat Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 16, 177–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Godmann, O., Rackow, W., 1995. Invasionen der Zwergfledermaus in verschiedenen Gebieten Deutschlands. Nyctalus (N. F.) 5, 395–408.Google Scholar
  23. Grimmberger, E., 1979. Untersuchungen über den Einfluß klimatischer Faktoren auf das Verhalten der Zwergfledermaus, Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber,1774), im Winterquartier und während der sogenannten Invasionen. Nyctalus (N. F.) 2, 145–157.Google Scholar
  24. Grimmberger, E., Bork, H., 1978. Untersuchungen zur Biologie, Ökologie undPopulationsdynamik der Zwergfledermaus Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774) in einer großen Population im Norden der DDR. Nyctalus (N. F.) 1, 55–73.Google Scholar
  25. Grummt, W., Haensel, J., 1966. Zum Problem der “Invasionen “von Zwergfledermäusen, Pipistrellus p. pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774). Z. Säugetierkd. 31, 382–390.Google Scholar
  26. Haensel, J., 1972. Weitere Notizen über im Berliner Stadtgebiet aufgefundeneFledermäuse (Zeitraum 1967–1971). Nyctalus (N. F.) 3, 303–327.Google Scholar
  27. Hanák, V., Gaisler, J., Figala, J., 1962. Results of bat-banding in Czechoslovakia, 1948–1960. Acta Uni. Carol. Biol. 1, 9–87.Google Scholar
  28. Hůrka, L., 1988. Die Zwergfledermaus (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in Westböhmen. Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid. Plzeň, Zool. 27, 3–31.Google Scholar
  29. Hutterer, R., Ivanova, T., Meyer-Cords, C., Rodrigues, L., 2005. Bat Migrations in Europe. A Review of Banding Data and Literature. Naturschutz Und Biologische Vielfalt, Heft 28. Federal agency for nature conservation, Bonn.Google Scholar
  30. Jung, K., Threlfall, C.G., 2018. Trait-dependent tolerance of bats to urbanization: a global meta-analysis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 285, 20181222.Google Scholar
  31. Kaňuch, P., Fornůsková, A., Bartonička, T., Bryja, J., Řehák, Z., 2010. Do two cryptic pipistrelle bat species differ in their autumn and winter roosting strategies within the range of sympatry? Folia Zool. Brno 59, 102–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kerbiriou, C., Julien, J.F., Monsarat, S., Lustrat, P., Haquart, A., Robert, A., 2015. Information on population trends and biological constraints from bat counts in roost cavities: a 22-year case study of a pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber) hibernaculum. Wildl. Res. 42, 35–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Koch, C.J.W.L., 1865. Das Wesentliche der Chiropteren mit besonderer Beschreibung der in dem Herzogthum Nassau und den angränzenden Landestheilen vorkommenden Fledermäuse. Julius Niedner, Verlagshandlung, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
  34. Kock, D., Felten, H., 1980. Massensterben von Fledermäusen: Bestands-Reduktion durch Unfälle. Natur und Museum 110, 314–317.Google Scholar
  35. Kunz, T.H., 1982. Roosting ecology of bats. In: Kunz, T.H. (Ed.), Ecology of Bats. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 1–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lewis, S.E., 1995. Roost fidelity of bats: a review. J. Mammal. 76, 481–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lintott, P.R., Barlow, K., Bunnefeld, N., Briggs, P., Gajas Roig, C., Park, K.J., 2016. Differential responses of cryptic bat species to the urban landscape 2016 Ecol. Evol. 6, 2044–2052.Google Scholar
  38. Lučan, R.K., Bürger, P., Hanák, V., 2007. Netopýři (Chiroptera) Českobudějovicka. Vespertilio 11, 65–102.Google Scholar
  39. Lučan, R.K., Weiser, M., Hanák, V., 2013. Contrasting effects of climate change on the timing of reproduction and reproductive success of a temperate insectivorous bat. J. Zool. 290, 151–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Matis, Š., 1997. Nepozvaní hostia. Trúlelek 2, sine pag.Google Scholar
  41. Matis, Š., Uhrin, M., Pjenčák, P., 2002. Zimovanie netopierov v jaskyni Erňa. Vespertilio 6, 235–236.Google Scholar
  42. Mayer, F., von Helversen, O., 2001. Cryptic diversity in European bats. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268, 1825–1832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nagy, Z.L., Szántó, L., 2003. The occurence of hibernating Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774) in caves of the Carpathian Basin. Acta Chiropterol. 5, 155–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Nusová, G., Šemeláková, M., Paučulová, L., Uhrin, M., Kaňuch, P., 2017. Haplotype diversity in common pipistrelle’s mass hibernacula from central Europe. Biologia 72, 548–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Nusová, G., Uhrin, M., Kaňuch, P., 2019. Go to the city: urban invasions of four pipistrelle bat species in eastern Slovakia. Eur. J. Ecol.,  https://doi.org/10.2478/eje-2019-0002.Google Scholar
  46. Palášthy, J., Gaisler, J., 1965. Kotázce tak zvaných “invazí “a zimních kolonií netopýra hvízdavého (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber, 1774). Zool. listy 14, 9–14.Google Scholar
  47. Pčola, Š., 1997. Nález zimoviska Pipistrellus pipistrellus v Bukovských vrchoch(Východné Karpaty). Vespertilio 2, 139–140.Google Scholar
  48. R Core Team., 2018. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna https://doi.org/www.r-project.orgGoogle Scholar
  49. Rackow, W., 1990. Massengrab infolge von Invasionen der Zwergfledermaus (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Schreber 1774) in Osterode am Harz entdeckt. Naturund Landschaft 65, 500.Google Scholar
  50. Rackow, W., 2002. Invasionsartiger Einflug von Zwergfledermäusen, Pipistrelluspipistrellus (Schreber, 1774), zu ungewöhnlicher Jahreszeit. Nyctalus (N. F.) 8, 182–186.Google Scholar
  51. Roer, H., 1974. Fledermaus-Invasionen in einer rheinischen Grossstadt. Rhein. Heimatpflege 2, 88–103.Google Scholar
  52. Roer, H., 1979. 1180 Zwergfledermäuse (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) inEntlüftungsrohren eines Gebäudes verendet. Myotis 17, 31–40.Google Scholar
  53. Roer, H., 1981. Zur Heimkehrfähigkeit der Zwergfledermaus (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber, 1774) (Mammalia: Chiroptera). Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 32, 13–30.Google Scholar
  54. Roer, H., 1989. Field experiments about the homing behaviour of the common pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber). In: Hanák, V., Horáček, I., Gaisler, J. (Eds.), European Bat Research 1987. Charles University Press, Praha, pp. 551–558.Google Scholar
  55. Russo, D., Ancillotto, L., 2015. Sensitivity of bats to urbanization: a review. Mammal. Biol. 80, 205–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Ryberg, O., 1947. Studies on Bats and Bat Parasites, Especially With Regard to Sweden and Other Neighbouring Countries of the North. Bokförlaget SvenskNatur, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  57. Rybin, S.N., Horáček, I., Červený, J., 1989. Bats of Southern Kirghizia: distribution and faunal status. In: Hanák, V., Horáček, I., Gaisler, J. (Eds.), European Bat Research 1987. Charles University Press, Praha, pp. 421–441.Google Scholar
  58. Sachteleben, J., 1991. Zum ‘Invasions’-Verhalten der Zwergfledermaus (Pipistrellus pipistrellus). Nyctalus (N. F.) 4, 51–66.Google Scholar
  59. Sachteleben, J., von Helversen, O., 2006. Songflight behaviour and mating system of the pipistrelle bat (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) in an urban habitat. Acta Chiropterol. 8, 391–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Schmidt, A., 1985. Zur Jugendentwicklung und phänologischem Verhalten derRauhhautfledermaus Pipistrellus nathusii (Keyserling u. Blasius, 1839) imSüden des Bezirkes Frankfurt/O. Nyctalus (N. F.) 2, 101–118.Google Scholar
  61. Schober, W., Grimmberger, E., Stebbings, R.E., 1993. Bats of Britain and Europe. Hamlyn, London.Google Scholar
  62. Sendor, T., Simon, M., 2003. Population dynamics of the pipistrelle bat: effects of sex, age and winter weather on seasonal survival. J. Anim. Ecol. 72, 308–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Smit-Viergutz, J., Simon, M., 2000. Eine vergleichende Analyse des sommerlichenSchwärmverhaltens der Zwergfledermaus (45 kHz Ruftyp, Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber, 1774) an den Invasionsorten und am Winterquartier. Myotis 38, 69–89.Google Scholar
  64. Strelkov, P.P., 1969. Migratory and stationary bats (Chiroptera) of the European part of the Soviet Union. Acta Zool. Cracov. 16, 393–439.Google Scholar
  65. Sztencel-Jablonka, A., Bogdanowicz, W., 2012. Population genetics study of common (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) and soprano (Pipistrellus pygmaeus) pipistrelle bats from central Europe suggests interspecific hybridization. Canad. J. Zool. 90, 1251–1260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Uhrin, M., Benda, P., Obuch, J., Urban, P., 2010. Changes in abundance of hibernating bats in central Slovakia (1992–2009). Biologia 65, 349–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. van Heerdt, P.F., Sluiter, J.W., 1960. Een invasie van de dwergvleermuis (Pipistrellus pipistrellus). De Levende Natur 63, 48.Google Scholar
  68. van Schaik, J., Janssen, R., Bosch, T., Haarsma, A.-J., Dekker, J.J.A., Kranstauber, B., 2015. Bats swarm where they hibernate: compositional similarity between autumn swarming and winter hibernation assemblages at five undergroundsites. PLoS One 10, e0130850.Google Scholar
  69. Voigt, C.C., Phelps, K.L., Aguire, L.F., Schoeman, M.C., Vanitharani, J., Zubaid, A., 2016. Bats and buildings: the conservation of synanthropic bats. In: Voigt, C.C., Kingston, T. (Eds.), Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in aChanging World. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 427–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Voigt-Heucke, S.L., Zimmer, S., Kipper, S., 2016. Does interspecific eavesdropping promote aerial aggregations in European pipistrelle bats during autumn?. Ethology 122, 745–757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Wagner, L., 1987. Untersuchungen zur Fledermausfauna im Bezirk Erfurt. Nyctalus (N. F.) 2, 309–324.Google Scholar
  72. Wibeck, E., 1929. Taklampor, som visat sig kunna fungera såsom fångstfällor för flädermöss. Fauna och Flora 24, 286.Google Scholar
  73. Zöllick, H., 1980. Notizen zur “Invasion” von Zwergfledermäusen aus dem Stadtgebiet Rostocks. Nat. u. Umw. 1, 65–67.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gréta Nusová
    • 1
  • Miroslav Fulín
    • 2
  • Marcel Uhrin
    • 1
  • Dalibor Uhrovič
    • 3
  • Peter Kaňuch
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University in KošiceKošiceSlovakia
  2. 2.East Slovak MuseumKošiceSlovakia
  3. 3.Institute of ParasitologySlovak Academy of SciencesKošiceSlovakia
  4. 4.Institute of Forest EcologySlovak Academy of SciencesZvolenSlovakia
  5. 5.Institute of Forest EcologySlovak Academy of SciencesZvolenSlovakia

Personalised recommendations