Mammalian Biology

, Volume 73, Issue 5, pp 399–403 | Cite as

Ossification sequence in the mole Talpa occidentalis (Eulipotyphla, Talpidae) and comparison with other mammals

  • Jan ProchelEmail author
  • Anjali Goswami
  • F. David Carmona
  • Rafael Jimenéz
Short Communication


Mammalia Phylogeny Cranium Skeleton Heterochrony 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amrine-Madsen, H., Koepfli, K.-P., Wayne, R.K., Springer, M.S., 2003. A new phylogenetic marker, apoliprotein B, provides compelling evidence for eutherian relationships. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 28, 225–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Asher, R.J., Horovitz, I., Sánchez-Villagra, M.R., 2004. First combined cladistic analysis of marsupial mammal interrelationships. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 33, 240–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barrionuevo, F.J., Zurita, F., Burgos, M., Jiménez, R., 2004. Developmental stages and growth rate of the mole Talpa occidentalis (Insectivora, Mammalia). J. Mammal. 85, 120–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Jeffery, J.E., Richardson, M.K., 2003. Is sequence heterochrony an important evolutionary mechanism in mammals? J. Mamm. Evol. 10, 335–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Curgy, J.-J., 1965. Apparition et soudure des points d’ossifi-cationdes membres chez les mammifères. Mém. Muséum Natl. Hist. Nat. Sér. A-Zool. 32, 173–307.Google Scholar
  6. Dingerkus, G., Uhler, L.D., 1977. Enzyme clearing of alcian blue stained whole small vertebrates for demonstration of cartilage. Stain Technol. 52, 229–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Goswami, A., 2007. Cranial modularity and sequence heterochrony in mammals. Evol. Dev. 9, 290–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goswami, A., Prochel, J., 2007. Ontogenetic morphology and allometry of the cranium in the common European mole (Talpa europaea). J. Mamm. 88, 667–677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mabee, P.M., Olmstead, K.L., Cubbage, C.C., 2000. An experimental study of intraspecific variation, developmental timing, and heterochrony in fishes. Evolution 54, 2091–2106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Maddison, W.P., Maddison, D.R., 2006. Mesquite: a modular system for evolutionary analysis.Google Scholar
  11. Nunn, C.L., Smith, K.K., 1998. Statistical analyses of developmental sequences: the craniofacial region in marsupial and placental mammals. Am. Nat. 152, 82–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Phillips, M.J., McLenachan, P.A., Down, C., Gibb, G.C., Penny, D., 2006. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences resolve the interrelations of the major Australasian marsupial radiations. Syst. Biol. 55, 122–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Prochel, J., 2006. Early skeletal development in Talpa europaea, the common European mole. Zool. Sci. 23, 427–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Prochel, J., Vogel, P., Sánchez-Villagra, M.R., 2004. Hand development and sequence of ossification in the forelimb of the European shrew Crocidura russula (Soricidae) and a comparison across therian mammals. J. Anat. 205, 99–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Richardson, M.K., Jeffery, J.E., Coates, M.I., Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., 2001. Comparative methods in developmental biology. Zoology 104, 278–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sánchez-Villagra, M.R., 2002. Comparative patterns of post-cranial ontogeny in therian mammals: an analysis of relative timing of ossification events. J. Exp. Zool. 294, 264–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sánchez-Villagra, M.R., Menke, P.R., Geisler, J.H., 2004. Patterns of evolutionary transformation in the humerus of moles (Talpidae, Mammalia): a character analysis. Mamm. Stud. 29, 163–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schoch, R., 2006. Ossification sequences and skull evolution in lower tetrapods. J. Vertebr. Paleontol. 26, 121A.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Smith, K.K., 1997. Comparative patterns of craniofacial development in eutherian and metatherian Mammals. Evolution 51, 1663–1678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Starck, D., 1995. Saugetiere. In: Starck, D. (Ed.), Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie, vol. II. Teil 5/2 Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.Google Scholar
  21. Sterba, O., 1977. Prenatal development of central European insectivores. Folia Zool. 26, 27–44.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Prochel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anjali Goswami
    • 2
  • F. David Carmona
    • 3
  • Rafael Jimenéz
    • 3
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut, Spezielle ZoologieUniversitätTübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Departamento de Genética e Instituto de Biotecnología, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

Personalised recommendations