Biology Coupling Characteristics of Mole Crickets’ Soil-Engaging Components
Mole cricket (Gryllotalpa orientalis) is a typical animal living under ground. The soil-engaging components of mole cricket have the capacity of wear resistance against soil. In this paper, the foreleg, tergum and forewing of mole cricket were chosen as soil-engaging components and were observed by stereomicroscope (SM), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The functions of the components were analyzed from the viewpoints of both entomology and bionics. The factors for function realization were found, and the single effect and coupling effect of these factors were investigated. Results show that the wear resistance characteristic of mole cricket is realized by biology coupling. The research of biology coupling provides a foundation to the technology of bionic coupling.
Keywordsmole crickets bionic coupling wearable soil-engaging components
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