Measuring the Wing Kinematics of a Moth (Helicoverpa Armigera) by a Two-Dimensional Fringe Projection Method
We describe a two-dimensional (2-D) fringe projection method, projecting two groups of comb-fringe patterns with high intensity and sharpness onto the flapping wings of a moth (Helicoverpa armigera) from two directions. The images of distorted fringes are caught by two high speed cameras from two orthogonal views. By three-dimensional reconstruction of the wing, we obtain the wing kinematics of the moth including the flapping angle, torsion angle and camber deformation.
Keywordsfringe projection wing kinematics moth three-dimensional reconstruction
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Dudley R, Ellington C P. Mechanics of forward flight in bumblebees: I. Kinematics and morphology. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1990, 148, 19–52.Google Scholar
- Dudley R, Ellington C P. Mechanics of forward flight in bumblebees: II. Quasi-steady lift and power requirements. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1990, 148, 53–88Google Scholar
- Wakeling J M, Ellington C P. Dragonfly flight: II. Velocities, accelerations and kinematics of flapping flight. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1997, 200, 557–582.Google Scholar
- Willmott A P, Ellington C P. Measuring the angle of attack of beating insect wings: Robust three-dimensional reconstruction from two-dimensional images. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1997, 200, 2693–2704Google Scholar
- Willmott A P, Ellington C P. The mechanics of flight in the hawkmoth manduca sexta: I. Kinematics of hovering and forward flight. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1997, 200, 2705–2722.Google Scholar
- Azuma A, Watanabe T. Flight performance of a dragonfly. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1988, 137, 221–252Google Scholar