Experimentation of Fish Swimming Based on Tracking Locomotion Locus
There are many kinds of swimming mode in the fish world, and we investigated two of them, used by cyprinids and bulltrout. In this paper we track the locomotion locus by marks in different flow velocity from 0.2 m°s−1 to 0.8 m°s−1. By fit the data above we could find out the locomotion mechanism of the two kinds of fish and generate a mathematical model of fish kinematics. The cyprinid fish has a greater oscillation period and amplitude compared with the bulltrout, and the bulltrout changes velocity mainly by controlling frequency of oscillation.
Keywordsaquatic bionics bionic propulsion fish swimming analysis of locomotion tracking locus
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Rucker E G, Lauder G V. Wake dynamics and fluid forces of turning maneuvers in sunfish. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2001, 204, 431–442.Google Scholar
- Rucker E G, Lauder G V. A hydrodynamic analysis of fish swimming speed: Wake structure and locomotor force in slow and fast labriform swimmers. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2000, 203, 2379–2393.Google Scholar
- Stamhuis E, Videler J. Quantitative flow analysis around aquatic animals using laser sheet particle image velocimetry. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1995, 198, 283–294.Google Scholar
- Mueller U, van den Heuvel B, Stamhuis E, Videler J. Fish foot prints: Morphology and energetics of the wake behind a continuously swimming mullet (Chelon labrosus Risso). Journal of Experimental Biology, 1997, 200, 2893–2806.Google Scholar
- Gibb A C, Jayne B C, Lauder G V. Kinematics of pectoral fin locomotion in the bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1994, 189, 133–161.Google Scholar
- Drucker E G, Lauder G V. Locomotor forces on a swimming fish: Three-dimensional vortex wake dynamics quantified using digital particle image velocimetry. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1999, 202, 2394–2412.Google Scholar
- Wolfgang M J, Anderson J M, Grosenbaugh M, Yue D, Triantafyllou M. Near-body flow dynamics in swimming fish. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1999, 202, 2303–2327.Google Scholar
- Wilga C D, Lauder G V. Function of the heterocercal tail in sharks: quantitative wake dynamics during steady horizontal swimming and vertical maneuvering. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2002, 205, 2365–2374.Google Scholar
- Jing J, Li S, Lu X Y, Yin X Z. The kinematic analysis of c-start in crucian carp (Carassius auratus). Journal of Experimental Mechanics, 2004, 19, 276–282. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Rosenberger L J. Pectoral fin locomotion in batoid fishes: Undulation versus oscillation. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2001, 204, 379–394.Google Scholar