Characterization of Free Cutting Phase in Free Cutting Stainless Steel Containing High Copper

  • Hong-ming GengEmail author
  • Xiao-chun Wu
  • Hong-bin Wang
  • Yong-an Min
  • Hong-kui Zhang


The machinability of 4Cr13 steel was improved obviously by adding Cu and S. The effect of copper addition on the machinability of 4Cr13 was similar to that of sulphur addition. By means of SEM, EBSD, and HREM, the distribution and size of the free cutting phase in the steel 4Cr13Cu were studied. The results showed that the free cutting phase was copper-rich phase. The copper-rich phases dispersed in the steel and were determined to have about 10 nm in diameter. The content of copper in the copper-rich phase was over 70%.

Key words

machinability copper-rich phase EBSD HREM 


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Copyright information

© China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong-ming Geng
    • 1
  • Xiao-chun Wu
    • 1
  • Hong-bin Wang
    • 1
  • Yong-an Min
    • 1
  • Hong-kui Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Baoshan Iron and Steel Co LtdShanghaiChina

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