Analysis of Metal Forming in Two-Roll Cross Wedge Rolling Process Using Finite Element Method

  • Min-ting WangEmail author
  • Xue-tong Li
  • Feng-shan Du


A simulation model for two-roll cross wedge rolling (CWR) was presented by using three-dimensional rigid-plastic finite element method (FEM). The whole forming process of CWR, including knifing zone, guiding zone, stretching zone, and sizing zone, was simulated using the model in which dynamic adaptive remeshing technology for tetrahedral solid elements was used to fix element distortion. Based on the simulation results, the distributions of metal flow field, strain field, and damage field, and the geometry of the workpiece’s end were analyzed. These results could provide theoretical guidance for realizing net shaping and reasonable design of tools.

Key words

cross wedge rolling finite element method plastic forming simulation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    HU Zheng-huan, ZHANG Kang-sheng, WANG Bao-yu. Cross Wedge Rolling Theory and Application [M]. Beijing: Metallurgical Industry Press, 1996 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    HU Zheng-huan, XU Xie-he, SHA De-yuan. Skew Rolling and Cross Wedge Rolling Principles, Process and Machines [M]. Beijing, Metallurgical Industry Press, 1985 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Fang G, Lei L P, Zeng P. Three-Dimensional Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Simulation for the Two-Roll Cross-Wedge Rolling Process [J]. J of Mate Proc Tech, 2002, 129(1–3): 245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Lovell Michael R. Evaluation of Critical Interfacial Friction in Cross Wedge Rolling [J]. Transactions of the ASME, 2001, 123(2): 424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    DONG Yao-min, TAGAVI Kaveh, LOVELL Michael. Analysis of Interfacial Slip in Cross-Wedge Rolling: A Numerical and Phenomenological Investigation [J]. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2000, 97(1–3): 44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    LI Qiang, LOVELL Michael R. Prediction Critical Friction in a Two-Roll CWR [J]. ASME Journal of Tribology, 2003, 125 (1): 200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    DENG Zhi, LOVELL Michael, TAGAVI Kaveh. Influence of Material Properties and Forming Velocity on the Interfacial Slip Characteristics of Cross Wedge Rolling [J]. J of Manuf Sci and Eng, 2001, 123(4): 647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    DONG Yao-min, LOVELL Michael, TAGAVI Kaveh. Analysis of Interfacial Slip in Cross-Wedge Rolling: An Experimentally Verified Finite-Element Model [J]. J of Mater Proc Tech, 1998, 80–81(8): 273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    DONG Yao-min, TAGAVI Kaveh A, LOVELL Michael R, et al. Analysis of Stress in Cross Wedge Rolling With Application to Failure [J]. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 2000, 42(7): 1233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Kobayashi S, Oh S, Altan T. Metal Forming and the Finite-Element Method [M]. London: Oxford University Press, 1989.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    WANG Min-ting, LI Xue-tong, DU Feng-shan, et al. Hot Deformation of Austenite and Prediction of Microstructure Evolution of Cross Wedge Rolling [J]. Mater Sci and Eng, 2004, 379A(1–2): 133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Mechanical and EngineeringYanshan UniversityQinhuangdao, HebeiChina

Personalised recommendations