Design of efficient optimized wireless power transfer system

Abstract

To balance the output stability and maximum efficiency of a system, an efficiency optimization method based on adaptive frequency control is proposed. In this paper, load transmission is carried out using a DC–DC converter at the receiving end. When the load changes, controlling the rectified output voltage is carried out to realize the maximum efficiency point tracking. Meanwhile, the duty cycle of the rear stage DC–DC converter is changed to keep the output voltage constant. The sampled rectified voltage is compared with the estimated value and the resulting error data are sent to the system transmitter through ASK modulation wireless communication. Then the transmitter demodulation communication information through PID algorithm control is used to achieve the frequency of the adaptive adjustment. The feasibility of the proposed method has been verified by the simulation and experimental results. When the output voltage is 5 V, the constant voltage accuracy is within ± 1%, the maximum efficiency is up to 79.2%, and the dynamic response time is only 160 ms.

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Correspondence to Changyuan Chang.

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Wu, Q., Wang, L., Ju, D. et al. Design of efficient optimized wireless power transfer system. J. Power Electron. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43236-020-00103-w

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Keywords

  • Adaptive frequency control
  • Maximum efficiency point tracking (MEPT)
  • DC–DC converter
  • Wireless power transfer (WPT)