Processes of Resilience Experienced by Families Composed of Same-Sex Couples

Abstract

This study investigated the processes of resilience in families composed of same-sex couples. From multiple case studies, 7 same-sex couples (four lesbian couples and three gay male couples) were interviewed, being residents of Fortaleza City who cohabited at the time of the interview. Among the coping strategies that have been successful in dealing with the challenges of family history and supporting the positive adaptive functioning of same-sex families, three major domains of family resilience were discussed: (1) belief systems (redefining family, assigning meaning to adversity, positive outlook, spirituality/transcendence); (2) organizational processes (flexibility, connectivity/family cohesion, and mobilizing social and economic resources); (3) communication/problem solving processes (clear communication, emotional expression and enjoyable interactions, and collaborative problem solving). Family resilience has proven to be a promising approach to intervention directed at families composed of same-sex couples, since it enlightens the potential of these families, without disregarding the homophobic context and other adversities experienced by same-sex couples.

Resumen

Se investigó los procesos de resiliencia en familias constituidas por parejas del mismo sexo. A partir de estudios de caso múltiplos, fueron entrevistadas 7 parejas del mismo sexo (cuatro parejas lésbicas y tres gays), residentes en Fortaleza y que cohabitaron en el momento de la entrevista. Entre las estrategias de enfrentamiento bien sucedidas para enfrentar los desafios que atraviesan su historia familiar y que apoyan el funcionamiento adaptativo positivo de las familias constituidas por parejas del mismo sexo, tres grandes dominios de la resiliencia familiar fueron discutidos: (1) Sistemas de creencias (redefinición de la familia; atribuir sentido a la adversidad; perspectiva positiva; espiritualidad/transcendencia); (2) Procesos organizacionales (flexibilidad, conectividad/cohesión familiar y movilizar recursos sociales y económicos); (3) Procesos de comunicación/resolución de problemas (comunicación clara, expresión emocional e interacciones agradables, resolución colaborativa de los problemas). La resiliencia familiar se mostró como un enfoque promisor a la intervención direccionada a las familias constituidas por parejas del mismo sexo, una vez que iluminas las potencialidades de esas familia, sin desconsiderar el contexto homofóbico y demás adversidad vividas por ellas.

Resumo

Investigou-se os processos de resiliência em famílias constituídas por casais do mesmo sexo. A partir de estudos de casos múltiplos, foram entrevistados 7 casais do mesmo sexo (quatro casais de lésbicas e três de gays), residentes de Fortaleza e que coabitavam no momento da entrevista. Entre as estratégias de enfrentamento bem sucedidas para lidar com os desafios que atravessam a sua história familiar e que apoiam o funcionamento adaptativo positivo das famílias formadas pelos casais do mesmo sexo, três grandes domínios da resiliência familiar foram discutidos: (1) Sistemas de crenças (redefinição de família; atribuir sentido à adversidade; perspectiva positiva; espiritualidade/transcendência); (2) Processos organizacionais (flexibilidade, conectividade/coesão familiar e mobilizar recursos sociais e econômicos); (3) Processos de comunicação/resolução de problemas (comunicação clara, expressão emocional e interações agradáveis, resolução colaborativa dos problemas). A resiliência familiar mostrou-se como uma abordagem promissora à intervenção direcionada às famílias constituídas por casais do mesmo sexo, uma vez que ilumina as potencialidades dessas famílias, sem desconsiderar o contexto homofóbico e demais adversidades por elas vividas.

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Correspondence to Aline Nogueira de Lira.

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de Lira, A.N., de Morais, N.A. Processes of Resilience Experienced by Families Composed of Same-Sex Couples. Trends in Psychol. 28, 249–269 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43076-020-00014-6

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Keywords

  • Resilience
  • Family
  • Gay
  • Lesbian
  • LGBTQ

Palavras-chave

  • Resiliência
  • Família
  • Gay
  • Lésbica
  • LGBTQ

Palavras-chave

  • Resiliência
  • Família
  • Gay
  • Lésbica
  • LGBTQ