Skip to main content

Table 1 Dominant bacterial pathogens of marine fish (based on Austin and Austin 2016)

From: Methods for the diagnosis of bacterial fish diseases

PathogenDiseaseGeographical distribution
Gram-positive bacteria
 Mycobacterium spp.Mycobacteriosis (fish tuberculosis)Worldwide
 Nocardia spp.NocardiosisWorldwide
 Renibacterium salmoninarumBacterial kidney diseaseEurope, Japan, North and South America
 Streptococcus iniaeStreptococcosiswidespread
 Streptococcus parauberisStreptococcosisEurope, USA
Gram-negative bacteria
 Aeromonas salmonicidaUlcer diseaseBaltic Sea, North Sea
 Aliivibrio salmonicidaCold-water vibriosis, Hitra diseaseCanada, Norway, Scotland
 Aliivibrio wodanisWinter ulcer disease/syndromeIceland, Norway, Scotland
 Francisella noatunensisFrancisellosisJapan, South America, UK, USA
 Moritella marinaSkin lesionsIceland
 Moritella viscosaWinter ulcer disease/syndromeIceland, Norway, Scotland
 Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselaePhotobacteriosisAsia, Europe, USA
 Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicidaPasteurellosis, pseudotuberculosisEurope, Japan, USA
 Piscirickettsia salmonisCoho salmon syndrome, salmonid rickettsial septicaemiaCanada, Chile, Greece, Norway, Scotland, USA
 Shewanella putrefaciensSepticaemiaSaudi Arabia
 Tenacibaculum dicentrarchiSpain
 Tenacibaculum discolorSpain
 Tenacibaculum gallaicumSpain
 Tenacibaculum maritimumBacterial stomatitis, gill disease, black patch necrosisEurope, Japan, North America
 Tenacibaculum soleaeTenacibaculosisSpain
 Vibrio aestuarianusChina
 V. alginolyticusEye disease, septicaemiaAsia, Europe, Israel
 V. anguillarumVibriosisworldwide
 V. harveyiEye disease, necrotising enteritis, vasculitis, granulomaEurope, Japan, Taiwan, USA
 V. ichthyoenteriIntestinal necrosis/enteritisJapan, Korea, USA
 V. mimicusAscites diseaseChina
 V. ordaliiVibriosisWorldwide
 V. parahaemolyticusChina, India
 V. ponticusUlcerative diseaseChina
 V. scophthalmiKorea
 V. splendidusSepticaemia, vibriosisNorway, Spain
 V. vulnificusSepticaemiaEurope, Japan, China, USA