Effect of PECVD Gate SiO2 Thickness on the Poly-Si/SiO2 Interface in Low-Temperature Polycrystalline Silicon TFTs

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of the gate SiO2 thickness (80, 100, and 130 nm) deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition on the interface and reliability characteristics of low-temperature polycrystalline silicon thin film transistors. Field effect mobility is significantly degraded as the gate oxide thickness decreases. The border trap density (Nbt) extracted from capacitance–voltage hysteresis exhibits no trend with respect to the gate oxide thickness, indicating that field effect mobility is not governed by Nbt. The quantitative interface trap density (Nit) was obtained using a 3-terminal charge pumping method; results showed that Nit decreased as the gate oxide thickness increased. However, it was observed that the threshold voltage (Vth) shift during negative bias temperature stress is worse in the thicker SiO2 film, which has a low Nit. After activation annealing, the amount of hydrogen in the gate oxide increased as the thickness of the insulator was raised. This in turn caused a larger shift in Vth. To validate this mechanism, the amount of hydrogen with respect to the device depth was analyzed via secondary ion mass spectroscopy. It has been found that the presence of more hydrogen concentration in the SiO2 film and the interface to the thicker SiO2 results in more Vth shifts under bias temperature stress.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Industrial Human Resources and Skill Development Program (P0012453, Next-generation Display Expert Training Display Expert Training Project for Innovation Process and Equipment, Materials Engineers) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE, Korea).

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Conceptualization, methodology, writing—original draft preparation: [Jungmin Park], data curation, investigation: [Pyungho Choi], data curation, investigation: [Soonkon Kim], data curation, investigation: [Bohyeon Jeon], data curation, investigation: [Jongyoon Lee], supervision, writing—review and editing: [Byoungdeog Choi].

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Correspondence to Byoungdeog Choi.

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Park, J., Choi, P., Kim, S. et al. Effect of PECVD Gate SiO2 Thickness on the Poly-Si/SiO2 Interface in Low-Temperature Polycrystalline Silicon TFTs. J. Electr. Eng. Technol. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42835-020-00648-7

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Keywords

  • PECVD SiO2
  • Field effect mobility
  • 3-Terminal charge pumping
  • LTPS  TFT
  • Grain boundary