Characterization, modes of action, and application of a novel broad-spectrum bacteriocin BM1300 produced by Lactobacillus crustorum MN047

Abstract

Bacteriocins are ribosomally synthesized peptides with antibacterial activity against food-borne pathogenic bacteria that cause spoilage, possessing important potential for use as a natural preservative in the food industry. The novel bacteriocin BM1300 produced by Lactobacillus crustorum MN047 was identified after purification in this study. It displayed broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against some selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of BM1300 against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 were 13.4 μg/mL and 6.7 μg/mL, respectively. Moreover, BM1300 showed excellent thermal (between 60 and 120 °C), pH (2–11), and chemical (Tween-40, Tween-80, Triton X-100, and EDTA) stabilities. Time-kill curves revealed that BM1300 exhibited bactericidal activity against S. aureus and E. coli. The scanning and transmission electron microscopy indicated that BM1300 acted by disrupting the cell membrane integrity and increasing cell membrane permeabilization of indicator bacteria. The disruption of cell membrane integrity caused by BM1300 was further demonstrated by the uptake of propidium iodide (PI) and the release of intracellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and nucleic acid and proteins. Moreover, BM1300 affected cell cycle distribution to exert antibacterial activity collaboratively. Meanwhile, BM1300 inhibited the growth of S. aureus and E. coli of beef meat and improved the microbiological quality of beef meat. These findings place BM1300 as a potential biopreservative in the food industry.

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Funding

This research was supported by the Special Fund for Agroscientific Research in the Public Interest (Grant No. 201503135) of China.

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Lu, Y., Aizhan, R., Yan, H. et al. Characterization, modes of action, and application of a novel broad-spectrum bacteriocin BM1300 produced by Lactobacillus crustorum MN047. Braz J Microbiol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42770-020-00311-3

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Keywords

  • Bacteriocin
  • Purification
  • Multiple modes of action
  • Bactericidal effect
  • Application