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Table 3 Correlations of IDV with social exclusion and relational victim rates as proportion of total victimisation, from GSHS, TIMSS, and PISA (n number of countries in the correlation)

From: How Does Individualism-Collectivism Relate to Bullying Victimisation?

  Correlation with individualism (IDV)
GSHS (I was left out of activities on purpose or completely ignored/total victimisation) (n = 21) − 0.026
TIMSS 2015 fourth grade (left me out of their games or activities) (n = 37) 0.462**
TIMSS 2015 eighth grade (left me out of their games or activities) (n = 26) 0.434*
TIMSS 2015 fourth grade (spread lies about me) (n = 37) 0.220
TIMSS 2015 eighth grade (spread lies about me) (n = 26) 0.169
TIMSS 2015 fourth grade (shared embarrassing information about me) (n = 37) 0.218
TIMSS 2015 eighth grade (shared embarrassing information about me) (n = 26) 0.206
TIMSS 2015 eighth grade (posted embarrassing things about me online) (n = 26) 0.260
PISA (other students left me out/total victimisation) (n = 43) 0.133
PISA (students spread nasty rumours/total victimisation) (n = 43) 0.041
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01