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Table 2 Correlations of IDV with victim rates from EUKO, GSHS, PISA (2 measures), and TIMSS (2011 and 2015; grades 4 and 8) (n number of countries in the correlation)

From: How Does Individualism-Collectivism Relate to Bullying Victimisation?

  Correlation with individualism (IDV)
EUKO 2010 (overall victims) (n = 26) − 0.012
GSHS 2003–2015 (percentage bullied on one or more days during the past 30 days) (n = 23) − 0.040
TIMSS 2011 victim mean grade 4 (n = 36) − 0.172
TIMSS 2011 victim mean grade 8 (n = 25) − 0.449*
TIMSS 2015 victim mean grade 4 (n = 38) 0.053
TIMSS 2015 victim mean grade 8 (n = 26) − 0.175
PISA 2016 (being bullied at least a few times a month) (n = 46) − 0.193
PISA 2016 (index of exposure to bullying) (n = 45) 0.005
  1. *p < 0.05