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Table 1 Correlations of IDV with (a) victim rates and (b) ratio of bullies to victims, from HBSC (1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014; ages 11, 13, and 15) (n number of countries in the correlation)

From: How Does Individualism-Collectivism Relate to Bullying Victimisation?

Correlation with individualism (IDV) (a) Victim rates (b) Ratio bullies:victims
HBSC 1994 victim age 11 (n = 21) 0.219 − 0.323
HBSC 1994 victim age 13 (n = 21) 0.323 − 0.311
HBSC 1994 victim age 15 (n = 21) 0.452* − 0.280
HBSC 1998 victim age 11 (n = 25) 0.079 − 0.131
HBSC 1998 victim age 13 (n = 25) 0.193 − 0.162
HBSC 1998 victim age 15 (n = 25) 0.346 − 0.199
HBSC 2002 victim age 11 (n = 30) − 0.040 − 0.057
HBSC 2002 victim age 13 (n = 30) 0.048 − 0.037
HBSC 2002 victim age 15 (n = 30) 0.091 0.064
HBSC 2006 victim age 11 (n = 33) − 0.386* − 0.225
HBSC 2006 victim age 13 (n = 33) − 0.213 − 0.332
HBSC 2006 victim age 15 (n = 33) 0.169 − 0.336
HBSC 2010 victim age 11 (n = 31) − 0.563** 0.026
HBSC 2010 victim age 13 (n = 31) − 0.329 − 0.147
HBSC 2010 victim age 15 (n = 31) − 0.058 − 0.139
HBSC 2014 victim age 11 (n = 33) − 0.585** − 0.020
HBSC 2014 victim age 13 (n = 33) − 0.600** − 0.080
HBSC 2014 victim age 15 (n = 33) − 0.480** − 0.050
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01