Coriander is considered as a leaf and seed spice, most predominately used as an ingredient in various dishes across the world. An in vitro assay was conducted with four bio-control agents viz., Trichoderma viride (ACT1), T. harzianum (ACT3), T. reesei (ACT2) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (APF4), to examine the bio-efficacy against Fusarium solani (KFS17), an incitant of root rot disease of coriander. Amid the bio-control agents tested T. harzianum significantly performed its best inhibitory action against F. solani. Out of the six fungicides and their combinations employed in vitro mycelial growth inhibition study, carbendazim + mancozeb (SAAF) at all the concentrations right from the lowest concentration of 0.1 % inhibited the growth of F. solani (100 %) at 7 days after inoculation. Further, a field experiment was investigated using competent antagonist and effective fungicide resulted from the in vitro assays in combination with organic manure which was applied in direct and varied combinations in a randomized block design. Results signified that soil application of neem cake @ 250 kg/ha in combination with T. harzianum (ACT3) @ 5 kg/ha noticed the lowest root rot incidence (9.8 %) with the lowest AUDPC value (610), significant yield improvement by 600 kg/ha and highest cost-benefit ratio of 1:2.7 in coriander cv. ‘Sudha’ over control.
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The authors express their deep sense of gratitude to Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem for providing the financial support and Associate Dean, College of Horticulture, Anantharajupeta, Dr. YSRHU for providing the necessary facilities in the successful completion of the present investigation.
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Satyanarayana, M.S.V., Gopal, K., Ruth, C. et al. Management of Fusarium root rot of coriander with chemical and bio‐control agents. Indian Phytopathology (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42360-021-00322-6
- Bio‐control agents
- Fusarium solani
- Trichoderma harzianum