Management of Fusarium root rot of coriander with chemical and bio‐control agents

Abstract

Coriander is considered as a leaf and seed spice, most predominately used as an ingredient in various dishes across the world. An in vitro assay was conducted with four bio-control agents viz., Trichoderma viride (ACT1), T. harzianum (ACT3), T. reesei (ACT2) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (APF4), to examine the bio-efficacy against Fusarium solani (KFS17), an incitant of root rot disease of coriander. Amid the bio-control agents tested T. harzianum significantly performed its best inhibitory action against F. solani. Out of the six fungicides and their combinations employed in vitro mycelial growth inhibition study, carbendazim + mancozeb (SAAF) at all the concentrations right from the lowest concentration of 0.1 % inhibited the growth of F. solani (100 %) at 7 days after inoculation. Further, a field experiment was investigated using competent antagonist and effective fungicide resulted from the in vitro assays in combination with organic manure which was applied in direct and varied combinations in a randomized block design. Results signified that soil application of neem cake @ 250 kg/ha in combination with T. harzianum (ACT3) @ 5 kg/ha noticed the lowest root rot incidence (9.8 %) with the lowest AUDPC value (610), significant yield improvement by 600 kg/ha and highest cost-benefit ratio of 1:2.7 in coriander cv. ‘Sudha’ over control.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Amira MB, Lopez D, Mohamed AT, Khouaja A, Chaar H, Fumanal B, Gousset-Dupont A, Bonhomme L, Label P, Goupil P, Ribeiro S (2017) Beneficial effect of Trichoderma harzianum strain Ths97 in biocontrolling Fusarium solani causal agent of root rot disease in olive trees. Biol Control 110:70–78

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Aravind T, Brahmbhatt AB (2018) Management of root and collar rot (Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid.) of OKRA (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) through bioagents, oil cakes and fungicides. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 7(4):631–635

    Google Scholar 

  3. Bhaliya CM, Jadeja KB (2014) Efficacy of different fungicides against Fusarium solani causing coriander root rot. Bioscan 9(3):1225–1227

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Jetawat RPS, Mathur K (2016) Management of Ashwagandha root rot disease with fungicides, biocontrol agents and botanicals. J Appl Nat Sci 8(1):305–309

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Meena RD, Sharma YK, Meena NL, Mishra BK, Meena SS, Meena NK (2019) Economic feasibility of neem cake, Trichoderma and soil solarization on weed management in cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.). Int J Seed Spices 9(2):77–80

    Google Scholar 

  6. Moin S, Ali SA, Hasan KA, Tariq A, Sultana V, Ara J, Ehteshamul-Haque S (2020) Managing the root rot disease of sunflower with endophytic fluorescent Pseudomonas associated with healthy plants. Crop Prot 130:105066

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Munish L, Gupta M (2019) Stem gall of coriander: a review. Agric Revs 40(2):121–128

    Google Scholar 

  8. Muthulakshmi P, Cheziyan N, Muthukrishnan K, Doraisamy S (2002) Management of coriander wilt using biocontrol agents. J Spices Aromat Crops 11(2):138–140

    Google Scholar 

  9. Narayana MSVS, Gopal K, Kavitha M, Ruth CH, Sadarunnisa S (2017) Survey on incidence of soil borne diseases of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) in major districts of Andhra Pradesh. Agric Update 12(TECHSEAR-3):761–763

    Google Scholar 

  10. Pfeil R, Dellarco V (2005) Carbendazim (addendum). J Med Plant Res, 87–106

  11. Sharma IP, Sharma AK (2020) TrichodermaFusarium interactions: a biocontrol strategy to manage wilt. In: Sharma A, Sharma P (eds) Trichoderma. Rhizosphere biology. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-3321-1_9

    Google Scholar 

  12. Soni KK, Verma RK (2010) A new vascular wilt disease of aonla (Emblica officinalis) and its management. J Mycol Plant Pathol 40(2):187–191

    Google Scholar 

  13. Spice Board (2019) India Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India

  14. Sumana K, Ramakrishnan S, Sreenivas SS, Devaki NS (2012) Field evaluation of promising fungicides and bioagents against Fusarium wilt and root knot complex disease in FCV tobacco crop. J Agric Tech 8(3):983–991

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Yadav AS, Yadav S, Singh R (2018) Screening of fungicides in vitro and seed treatment against fusarium wilt of chickpea caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 7(3):2908–2911

    CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors express their deep sense of gratitude to Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem for providing the financial support and Associate Dean, College of Horticulture, Anantharajupeta, Dr. YSRHU for providing the necessary facilities in the successful completion of the present investigation.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. S. V. Satyanarayana.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Satyanarayana, M.S.V., Gopal, K., Ruth, C. et al. Management of Fusarium root rot of coriander with chemical and bio‐control agents. Indian Phytopathology (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42360-021-00322-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Bio‐control agents
  • Coriander
  • Fusarium solani
  • Trichoderma harzianum