Evaluation of the Inhibitory Effectiveness of Cyperus articulatus Essential Oils on the Corrosion of Structural Steelwork in Hydrochloric Acid Solution

Abstract

The inhibitory effect of Cyperus articulatus essential oils on the corrosion of S235 structural steel in hydrochloric acid medium was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization measurements and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The addition of Cyperus articulatus essential oil to the hydrochloric acid solution led to an inhibition efficiency of 92% for an optimal percentage of 2 g/L (massic) at room temperature. The results obtained from the various corrosion tests are in good agreement. Polarization measurements indicate that Cyperus articulatus essential oils are mixed-type inhibitors. The adsorption of oils to the steel surface was physical and obeyed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm law in hydrochloric acid solution. The study of the effect of temperature showed a decrease in inhibitor efficacy with increasing temperature. The overall results are in favor of a physico-chemical nature of adsorption.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to TWAS, the World Academy of Science for the Advancement of Science in developing countries for financial and material support (TWAS RGA no. 16-499 RG/CHE/AF/AC_G–FR3240293299).

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Correspondence to Modou Fall.

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Cissé, K., Gassama, D., Thiam, A. et al. Evaluation of the Inhibitory Effectiveness of Cyperus articulatus Essential Oils on the Corrosion of Structural Steelwork in Hydrochloric Acid Solution. Chemistry Africa (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42250-021-00229-9

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Keywords

  • Corrosion
  • Essential oils
  • Cyperus articulatus
  • S235 steel
  • Adsorption
  • Langmuir isotherm