Journal of Iron and Steel Research International

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 173–180 | Cite as

Visualization of collision and aggregation behavior of particles simulating movement of inclusions in molten steel

Original Paper


Inclusions with sizes less than 1 μm in molten steel are difficult to float up to the molten steel and slag interface owing to their slow terminal velocity. Thus, increasing the size of inclusion is essential for accelerating the removal of inclusions. Polystyrene particles simulating inclusions in molten steel were quantified by direct observation of the particle collision behavior in a turbulent flow in a water model. The box-counting fractal dimension of particles was calculated by processing the binary images of aggregated particles. The fractal dimension of the outer contours of the single plastic particles was smaller than that of the aggregated particles. The fractal dimension was varied from 1.14 to 1.35. When two or more monomer particles collide, the aggregates are separated more easily, as the temperature increases from 40 to 80 °C. The aggregated particles were loose and easy to separate in the high-temperature aqueous solution. The effect of temperature on the surface tension of liquid and the interfacial tension of solid and liquid is obvious. The particles are wetting in the water solution at a temperature more than 60 °C. The relationship between the velocity of the particles and the fractal dimension of the solid particles with the equivalent diameter was discussed.


Non-metallic inclusion Fractal Box-counting dimension Visualization Collision Aggregation 



This work was supported by the State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology (Grant Nos. G201710, G201802), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51774004), the Key Laboratory Open Project Fund of Metallurgical Emission Reduction and Resources Recycling (Anhui University of Technology), Ministry of Education (KF17-06).


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Copyright information

© China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Metallurgical Emission Reduction and Resources Recycling (Anhui University of Technology)Ministry of EducationMa’anshanChina
  2. 2.The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and MetallurgyWuhan University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  3. 3.School of Metallurgical EngineeringAnhui University of TechnologyMa’anshanChina

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