Experimental and numerical investigations of cavitation evolution in a high-speed centrifugal pump with inducer

Abstract

Along with the anti-cavitation performance, the high speed and the high power density, are the main trends in the development of centrifugal pumps. At present, the most effective method is to install an inducer in front of the impeller. However, the tip leakage of the inducer results in the vortex cavitation at the blade leading edge of the inducer, and the cavitating flow inside the inducer seriously interferes with the hydraulic behavior of the inducer as well as the impeller with the development of the cavitation, thus to badly affect the operational reliability of the high-speed centrifugal pump. In the present paper, the cavitating flow in a high-speed centrifugal pump with an inducer is investigated by numerical simulations and visual experiments for different cavitation numbers. A typical evolution process of the cavitation is shown, including the inception, the development and the deterioration. A general description of the pump head-drop phenomenon is made through the study of the local and global flow fields, and the relationship between the vapor distribution and the static pressure distribution along the inducer is determined to describe the evolution of the cavitation. This paper intends to provide the foundation for studying the overall cavitation state of a high-speed centrifugal pump, and designing the inducer with a better cavitation resistance.

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Correspondence to Xiao-jun Li.

Additional information

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51776189, 52076196), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. LR20E090001) and the Key Research and Development Program of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. 2021C05006).

Biography: Yu-ying Huan (1994-), Female, Master

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Huan, Yy., Liu, Yy., Li, Xj. et al. Experimental and numerical investigations of cavitation evolution in a high-speed centrifugal pump with inducer. J Hydrodyn (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42241-021-0006-z

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Key words

  • Centrifugal pump
  • inducer
  • cavitation evolution
  • visualization experiment