The application of trenchless technology is the trend of underground public facilities’ installation, replacement and repairing. As the soil-engaging component during penetrating bore, the working resistance of penetration head has remarkable effect on energy consumption of the whole working process. Some typical soil-digging animals, like pangolin and earthworm, they own special micro structures on their surface. It has been widely proved that some micro geometrical structures can effectively reduce adhesion resistance. Four kinds of bionic penetration heads were designed by imitating micro geometrical structures inspired by the soil animals. In this work, the real time jacking forces of the bionic penetration heads were measured and compared with a smooth penetration head (control group) without micro geometrical structures. The result indicated that the jacking forces of the bionic penetration heads were smaller than that of the smooth penetration head. This proved that the bionic penetration heads have the ability of reducing adhesion resistance. The vertical concave penetration head got the smallest jacking force, of which the average jacking force was 18.7% lower than that of the smooth penetration head. The interaction between soil and bionic surface of penetration head was discussed on the condition of wet friction. The bionic surface reduced the adhesion resistance by disturbing the soil and braking the continuous water film between soil and the surface of the penetration head.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Zayed T, Salman A, Basha I. The impact on environment of underground infrastructure utility work. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 2011, 7, 199–210.
Yan C W. Current status of trenchless industry in China and the prospect. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2010, 10, 56–60. (in Chinese)
Sofianos A I, Loukas P, Chantzakos C. Pipe jacking a sewer under Athens. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2004, 19, 193–203.
Zaneldin E K. Trenchless construction: An emerging technology in United Arab Emirates. Tunnelling & Underground Space Technology, 2007, 22, 96–105.
Bergeson W. Review of long drive microtunneling technology for use on large scale projects. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2014, 39, 66–72.
Gerasimova V. Underground engineering and trenchless technologies at the defense of environment. Procedia engineering, 2016, 165, 1395–1401.
Danilov B B. Ways of improvement of the technologies and equipment for trenchless communications laying. Journal of Mining Science, 2007, 43, 171–176.
Ren F J, Yan B B. Motion characteristics analysis and simulation of move-in-mud robot. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2008, 44, 62–66. (in Chinese)
Tomczak E, Zielińska A. Example of sewerage system rehabilitation using trenchless technology. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S, 2017, 24, 405–116.
Sim Y, Jin K N. Experimental analysis for the effect of integrated pipe-roof in trenchless method. Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, 2016, 18, 377–387.
Kramer S R, McDonald W J, Thomson J C. An Introduction to Trenchless Technology. Springer Science & Business Media, Berlin, Germany, 2012.
Ma B S. A new developed subject: Trenchless technology. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2005, 32, 164–168. (in Chinese)
Barla M, Camusso M. A method to design microtunnelling installations in randomly cemented Torino alluvial soil. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2013, 33, 73–81.
Cheng W C, Ni J C, Arulrajah A, Huang, H W. A simple approach for characterising tunnel bore conditions based upon pipe-jacking data. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2018, 71, 494–504.
Reilly C C, Orr T L. Physical modelling of the effect of lubricants in pipe jacking. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2017, 63, 44–53.
Shou K, Yen J, Liu M. On the frictional property of lubricants and its impact on jacking force and soil-pipe interaction of pipe-jacking. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2010, 25, 469–477.
Namli M, Guler E. Effect of bentonite slurry pressure on interface friction of pipe jacking. Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice, 2017, 8, 1–9.
Bai J S, Ma B S, Zhou P, Jia Z X. Analysis and calculation of jacking force in the mudstone formation. Pipelines 2013: Pipelines and Trenchless Construction and Renewals—A Global Perspective, Fort Worth, USA, 2013, 905–914.
Meskele T, Stuedlein A W. Static soil resistance to pipe ramming in granular soils. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 2014, 141, 1–11.
Saruev A L, Saruev L A, Vasenin S S. Development of small diameter pilot hole directional drilling for trenchless utility installation. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, IOP Publishing, Inst Nat Resources, Russia, 2016, 43, 1–6.
Li G X. Advanced Soil Mechanics, 2nd ed, Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, China, 2016. (in Chinese)
Wang E H, Cruse R M, Zhao Y S, Chen X W. Quantifying soil physical condition based on soil solid, liquid and gaseous phases. Soil and Tillage Research, 2015, 146, 4–9.
Burbaum U, Sass I. Physics of adhesion of soils to solid surfaces. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 2017, 76, 1097–1105.
Zhang C C, Ren L Q, Wang J, Zhang Y Z. Simulation on flow control for drag reduction of revolution body using bionic dimpled surface. Acta Armamentarii, 2009, 30, 1066–1072. (in Chinese)
Soni P, Salokhe V M. Bio-inspired macro-morphologic surface modifications to reduce soil-tool adhesion, in: Bio-inspired Surfaces and Applications, Luo Y H ed., World Scientific, Singapore, 2016, 421–484.
Ma Y H, Ma S S, Jia H L, Liu Y C, Peng J, Gao Z H. Measurement and analysis on reducing adhesion and resistance of bionic ripple opener. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2014, 30, 36–41. (in Chinese)
Ren L Q, Deng S Q, Wang J C, Han Z W. Design principles of the non-smooth surface of bionic plow moldboard. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2004, 1, 9–19.
Ma Y H, Tong J, Zhou J, Rong B J, Ren L Q. Geometric shape and performance of the scale of the pangolin. Journal of Chinese Electron Microscopy Society, 2008, 27, 336–340. (in Chinese)
Tong J, Sun J Y, Chen D H, Zhang S J. Factors impacting nanoindentation testing results of the cuticle of dung beetle Copris ochus Motschulsky. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2004, 1, 221–230.
Tong J, Ren L Q, Chen B C. Geometrical morphology, chemical constitution and wettability of body surfaces of soil animals. International Agricultural Engineering Journal, 1994, 3, 58–65.
Ren L Q, Cong Q, Chen B C, Wu L K, Li A Q, Jing D Z. A study on the adhesion reducing character of gemetric nonsmooth surface of typical animal. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, 1992, 2, 29–35. (in Chinese)
Ren L Q, Tong J, Li J Q, Chen B C. Soil adhesion and biomimetics of soil-engaging components: A review. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 2001, 79, 239–263.
Li M, Chen D H, Zhang S J, Tong J. Biomimeitc design of a stubble-cutting disc using finite element analysis. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2013, 10, 118–127.
Tong J, Moayad B Z, Ma Y H, Sun J Y, Chen D H, Jia H L, Ren L Q. Effects of biomimetic surface designs on furrow opener performance. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2009, 6, 280–289.
Ma L F, Ma B S. Review and discussion on calculation method for jacking force in pipe jacking. Special Structures, 2019, 36, 25–35. (in Chinese)
Ren L Q, Xu X B, Chen B C, Cui X X, Wang Y M, Zhang B L, Ge L H, Jin G P. Initial research on claw shapes of the typical soil animals. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, 1990, 2, 44–49. (in Chinese)
Gill W R, Berg G E V. Soil Dynamics in Tillage and Traction. Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C. USA, 1967.
Gu Y Q, Mou J G, Dai D S, Zheng S H, Jiang L F, Wu D H, Ren Y, Liu F Q. Characteristics on drag reduction of bionic jet surface based on earthworm’s back orifice jet. Acta Physica Sinica, 2015, 64, 1–10.
Wu K N, Zhao R. Soil texture classification and its application in China. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2019, 56, 227–241. (in Chinese)
Waldron L J. Soil viscoelasticity: Superposition tests. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1964, 28, 323–328.
Fountaine E R. Investigations into the mechanism of soil adhesion. European Journal of Soil Science, 1954, 5, 251–263.
Ren L Q. Soil Adhesion Mechanics. China Machine Press, Beijing, China, 2011. (in Chinese)
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Found of China (Grant No. 51875245), the National Key R&D Program Projects (Grant No. 2016YFD0701102), the Science-Technology Development Plan Project of Jilin Province (20190303003SF and 20190303012SF), the Changchun Science and Technology Project of Changchun (Grant No. 18DY007), the Special Project of Industrial Technology Research and Development of Jilin Province (Grant No. 2018C036-2), the “13th Five-Year Plan” Scientific Research Foundation of the Education Department of Jilin Province (Grant Nos. JJKH20180225KJ and JJKH20190198KJ).
About this article
Cite this article
Chen, D., Yang, X., Dai, T. et al. Bionic Design to Reduce Jacking Force for Trenchless Installations in Clay Soil. J Bionic Eng (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-020-0066-8
- trenchless technology
- adhesion reduction
- water film
- wet friction