Evolution of 112-day drying shrinkage equation of fly ash blended self-compacting concrete

  • J. Guru Jawahar
  • B. Yakshareddy
  • C. Sashidhar
  • C. Sreenivasulu
  • I. V. Ramana Reddy
Original Paper

Abstract

This investigation is mainly focused on the prediction of 112-day drying shrinkage of self-compacting concrete (SCC) and conventional concrete (CC) blended with or without class F fly ash using symbolic regression. Two logical parameters, namely additive factor (AF) and coarse aggregate points (CAP), have been included in the preparation of input parameters to address the influence of fly ash and coarse aggregate on the drying shrinkage of concrete. The experimental data provided by literature and this investigation have been used for symbolic regression. It is evidently revealed that the evolved equation (AF_CAP_Equation) was able to predict the 112-day drying shrinkage of SCC and CC reasonably. Effect of AF and CAP on the drying shrinkage of concrete mixes has also been discussed.

Keywords

Drying shrinkage Self-compacting concrete Conventional concrete Admixture factor Coarse aggregate points Symbolic regression 

References

  1. ACI 209R. (1997). Prediction of creep, shrinkage, and temperature effects in concrete structures, ACI 209R-92. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.Google Scholar
  2. Ayano, T., & Wittman, F. H. (2002). Drying, moisture distribution, and shrinkage of cement based materials. Materials and Structures, 35(237), 134–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bazant, Z., & Baweja, S. (2000). Creep and shrinkage prediction model for analysis and design of concrete structures. The Adam Neville Symposium: Creep and Shrinkage-Structural Design Effects; SP-194, American Concrete Institute, 1-100.Google Scholar
  4. Bissonnette, B., Pierre, P., & Pigeon, M. (1999). Influence of key parameters on drying shrinkage of cementitious materials. Cement and Concrete Research, 25(5), 1075–1085.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bouzoubaa, N., & Lachemi, M. (2001). Self-compacting concrete incorporating high volumes of class F fly ash preliminary results. Cement and Concrete Research, 31(3), 413–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Campbell-Allen, D., & Roper, H. (1991). Concrete structures: Materials, maintenance and repair. New York: Longman Scientific & Technical, Wiley.Google Scholar
  7. CEB-FIP. (1990). Model code for concrete structures. London: Thomas Telford Ltd.Google Scholar
  8. Cordoba, B. (2007). Creep and shrinkage of self-consolidating concrete (SCC). MSc Thesis, University of Wyoming.Google Scholar
  9. Gardner, N. J., & Lockman, M. J. (2001). Design provisions for drying shrinkage and creep of normal-strength concrete. ACI Materials Journal, 98(2), 159–167.Google Scholar
  10. Gesoglu, M., Guneyisi, E., & Ozbay, E. (2009). Properties of self-compacting concretes made with binary, ternary, and quaternary cementitious blends of fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica fume. Construct Build Mater, 23, 1847–1854.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ghoddousi, P., & Monir Abbasi, A. (2008). Influence of aggregate grading and cement paste volume on drying shrinkage of self-consolidating concrete. In: 3rd North American conference on the design and use of self-consolidating concrete, Chicago.Google Scholar
  12. JSCE. (2002). Standard specifications for concrete structures. Japan: Japan Society of Civil Engineers.Google Scholar
  13. Khatib, J. M. (2008). Performance of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash. Construct Build Mater, 22, 1963–1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Khayat, K., & Long, W. J. (2010). Shrinkage of precast, prestressed self-consolidating concrete. ACI Materials Journal, 107(3), 231–238.Google Scholar
  15. Koza, J. R. (1992). Genetic programming: On the programming of computers by means of natural selection. Cambridge: MIT Press.MATHGoogle Scholar
  16. Larson, K. (2006). Evaluation the time-dependent deformation and bond characteristics of a self-consolidating concrete mix and the implication for pretensioned bridge applications. PhD Thesis, Kansas State University.Google Scholar
  17. Leemann, A., Lura, P., & Loser, R. (2011). Shrinkage and creep of SCC —The influence of paste volume and binder composition. Construct Build Mater, 15, 2283–2289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Loser, R., & Leemann, A. (2009). Shrinkage and restrained shrinkage cracking of self compacting concrete compared to conventionally vibrated concrete. Materials and Structures, 42, 71–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mindess, S., Young, J. F., & Darwin, D. (2003). Concrete (2nd ed., p. 644). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  20. Neville, A. M. (1996). Properties of concrete (4th ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  21. Ozyildirim, C., & Lane, D. S. (2003). Evaluation of self-consolidating concrete. Final Report, Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, Virginia.Google Scholar
  22. Poppe, A. M., & De Schutter, G. (2005a). Creep and shrinkage of self-compacting concrete. In Z. Yu, C. Shi, K. H. Khayat, & Y. Xie (Eds.), 1st International symposium on design, performance and use of SCC (pp. 329–336). Cachan Cedex: RILEM Publications SARL.Google Scholar
  23. Poppe, A. M., & De Schutter, G. (2005). Creep and shrinkage of self-compacting concrete. In 1st International Symposium on Design, Performance and Use of Self-Consolidating Concrete SCC2005, China, p. 329–336.Google Scholar
  24. Saleh, A. A., & Rajeh, Z. A. (2006). Effects of drying conditions, admixtures and specimen size on shrinkage strains. Cement and Concrete Research, 36(10), 1985–1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schmidt, M., & Lipson, H. (2009). Distilling free-form natural laws from experimental data. Science, 324(5923), 81–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Eureqa Formulize. (2016). Scientific data mining software package. Online available http://www.nutonian.com/download. Accessed 04 Feb 2016.
  27. ASTM C157/C157M-08 (2008). Standard Test Method for Length Change of Hardened Hydraulic-Cement Mortar and Concrete. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008.Google Scholar
  28. ASTM C 618 (2003). Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use in concrete.Google Scholar
  29. Atis, C. D. (2003). High-volume fly ash concrete with high strength and low drying shrinkage. ASCE, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 15(2), 153–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Guneyisi, E., Gesoglu, M., & Ozbay, E. (2010). Strength and drying shrinkage properties of self-compacting concretes incorporating multi-system blended mineral admixtures. Construct Build Mater, 24, 1878–1887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Guru Jawahar, J., Sashidhar, C., Ramana Reddy, I. V., & Annie, Peter J. (2013a). Effect of coarse aggregate blending on short-term mechanical properties of self compacting concrete. Materials and Design, 43, 185–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Guru Jawahar, J., Sashidhar, C., Ramana Reddy, I. V., & Annie, Peter J. (2013b). Micro and macrolevel properties of fly ash blended self compacting concrete. Materials and Design, 46, 696–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hwang, S. D., & Khayat, K. H. (2008). Effect of mixture composition on restrained shrinkage cracking of self-consolidating concrete used in repair. ACI Materials Journal, 105(5), 499–509.Google Scholar
  34. Hwang, S. D., & Khayat, K. H. (2010). Effect of mix design on restrained shrinkage of self-consolidating concrete. Materials and Structures, 43, 367–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. IS 10262 (2009). Concrete Mix Proportioning-Guidelines. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (India).Google Scholar
  36. IS 12269 (1987). Specification for 53 grade ordinary Portland cement. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (India).Google Scholar
  37. IS 456 (2000). Plain and reinforced concrete code for practice. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (India).Google Scholar
  38. Nath, P., & Sarker, P. (2011). Effect of fly ash on the durability properties of high strength concrete. Proceedia Engineering, 14, 1149–1156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Siddique, R. (2011). Properties of self-compacting concrete containing class F fly ash. Materials and Design, 32(3), 1501–1507.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Guru Jawahar
    • 1
  • B. Yakshareddy
    • 1
  • C. Sashidhar
    • 2
  • C. Sreenivasulu
    • 2
  • I. V. Ramana Reddy
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringAnnamacharya Institute of Technology and SciencesTirupatiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringJawaharlal Nehru Technological UniversityAnantapuramuIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupatiIndia

Personalised recommendations