European Geriatric Medicine

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 277–288 | Cite as

Hand grip strength measurement in different epidemiologic studies using various methods for diagnosis of sarcopenia: a systematic review

  • Yong-Chan Ha
  • Sun-Chul Hwang
  • Sang-Yoon Song
  • ChangHan Lee
  • Ki-Soo Park
  • Jun-Il Yoo



The purpose of this systematic review was to compare various methods for measuring hand grip strength to provide data for the development of a standardized protocol for such a measurement based on epidemiologic studies of sarcopenia in older population.


Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed using 34 available epidemiologic studies.


The choice of hand dynamometer and measurement protocols for measuring hand grip strength was not consistent among studies. Mean values of hand grip strength in older population were also different by study area (Europe, America, and Asia) and gender.


This systematic review demonstrated that various grip strength measurement methods were used in different epidemiologic studies. A standardized method is needed to enable more consistent measurement of grip strength and better assessment of sarcopenia.


Older people Hand grip Sarcopenia Standardized measurement Systemic review 



American Society of Hand Therapists


Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia


European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People


International Working Group on Sarcopenia


International Classification of Diseases


Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses



This research was supported by a grant (HC15C1189) of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI) funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea.

Authors’ contributions

The study was conceived and funding was obtained by Y-CH. All authors contributed to data collection, data management, and the development of the study protocol. The manuscript was drafted by J-IY and Y-CH. All authors finalized, provided critical review, and approved the final manuscript.


This research was supported by a grant from the Korean Health Technology R & D Project through the Korean Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HC15C1189).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interest.

Ethics approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent to participate

Not applicable.


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Copyright information

© European Geriatric Medicine Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong-Chan Ha
    • 1
  • Sun-Chul Hwang
    • 2
  • Sang-Yoon Song
    • 2
  • ChangHan Lee
    • 3
  • Ki-Soo Park
    • 4
  • Jun-Il Yoo
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryChung-Ang University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of MedicineGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of MedicineGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Preventive Medicine, School of MedicineGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea

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