The Impacts of Climate Change and Natural Disasters on Agriculture in African Countries

Abstract

Climate change and natural disasters are the main risks to African agricultural production. Given that these factors affect poor countries more, we attempted to identify the economic taxonomy that can adequately describe the most affected African countries and the countries that can cope with these factors. This study explored the impacts of climate change and natural disasters on the total agricultural production in African countries while differentiating these countries by the income level and Least Developed Countries taxonomies. Two country-level panel data were collected covering 55 and 26 years in Africa for this purpose. The findings of this study first highlight that in the long and short terms, temperature is the main climatic factor affecting agricultural production. Second, in the short term, droughts negatively impact African agrarian production regardless of the countries’ development states. Third, the poor countries in these respective taxonomies significantly experienced the negative impacts of climate change and natural disasters. However, the impact of climate factors on agricultural production in middle-income countries and non-least developed countries are less evident. The heterogeneity of the impact of climate change and natural disasters on agriculture across African countries based on their development states. Therefore, the agriculture policy needs to implement as priority in low income or least developed African countries.

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Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/378831-why-use-gni-per-capita-to-classify-economies-into

  2. 2.

    http://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/d4e823f0172947c5ae6e6b265656c273

  3. 3.

    CRED; http://www.emdat.be

  4. 4.

    We used this time range because we were concerned that the years prior to this period may not be reliable enough, especially in low and middle income countries.

  5. 5.

    https://www.un.org/development/desa/dpad/least-developed-country-category/creation-of-the-ldc-category-and-timeline-of-changes-to-ldc-membership-and-criteria.html

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Correspondence to Shunsuke Managi.

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Appendix

Appendix

Table 5 Summary statistics of the low-income countries
Table 6 Summary statistics of the middle-income countries
Table 7 Summary statistics of the least developed countries
Table 8 Summary statistics of non-least developed countries

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Coulibaly, T., Islam, M. & Managi, S. The Impacts of Climate Change and Natural Disasters on Agriculture in African Countries. EconDisCliCha 4, 347–364 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41885-019-00057-9

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Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Natural disasters
  • Agriculture
  • Level of income
  • Least developed countries
  • Africa