An Overview of the Technological Environmental Hazards over the Last Century


The purpose of the paper is to present an extended literature review with statistical results on technological environmental hazards relying on data from the last 117 years (1900–2016). More specifically, this paper is a sequel of the authors previous paper which analyzed the natural environmental hazards. Particularly, we hypothesize that the most developed countries will have high economic losses and that the least developed countries will have great fatalities. In this way we examine if fatalities are proved to be significant in the least developed countries and the total economic damages are proved to be significant in the most developed countries. A number of graphical presentations come to strengthen the statistical results by using map visualization techniques.

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    Nuclear Power Plant Disaster

  2. 2. Accessed: 05 May 2017

  3. 3.

    The currency used in all cases is the American Dollar. No local currency units are used so that the results of the analysis will be comparable.

  4. 4.

    All maps presented in the paper have been created using the R Studio. The R packages and routines are available on request.


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We would like to thank the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovations (HFRI) for the financial support in the form of a scholarship for the implementation of the doctoral thesis dissertation.

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Correspondence to George Halkos.

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Halkos, G., Zisiadou, A. An Overview of the Technological Environmental Hazards over the Last Century. EconDisCliCha 4, 411–428 (2020).

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  • Environmental hazards risk
  • Disaster
  • Economic impact
  • Damage
  • Fatalities


  • D62
  • H12
  • I31
  • Q50
  • Q55:Q58