Effect of Fe2O3 and MgO on the crystallization behaviour, sinterability and properties of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics

Abstract

This study explores the roles of Fe2O3 (3–5 wt%) and/or MgO (0.6–2.4 wt%) on the crystallization behaviour, microstructure, sinterability and mechanical properties of 17.02CaO-7.04Al2O3-58.84SiO2 (CAS, wt%) glass-ceramics. With increasing Fe2O3 and/or MgO contents, the peak temperature of glass crystallization decreased, and the main crystal phase (wollastonite) was suppressed, while the secondary phases of hardystonite and diopside were crystallized and promoted. Wollastonite crystals grew larger, and their distribution became scattered as Fe2O3 and/or MgO contents increased. The concentrations of elemental Fe and Zn in the glass matrix influence the formation of hardystonite (Ca2ZnSi2O7), and Mg2+ can participate in the formation of diopside and melilite-type solid solution Ca2ZnSi2O7-Ca2MgSi2O7. Vickers hardness was decreased by the increasing amount of glass matrix while density was increased. The optimum heat treatment temperature range of the CAS glass-ceramics was narrowed by the addition of Fe2O3 and/or MgO due to rapid crystallization and a degree of fusion or overburning.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8

References

  1. 1.

    Höland, W., Beall, G.H.: Glass Ceramic Technology, 2nd edn. Wiley, Hoboken (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Zanotto, E.D.: A bright future for glass-ceramics. Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 8, 19–27 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Karamanov, A., Gutzow, I., Penkov, I., Andreev, J., Bogdanov, B.: Diopside marble-like sintered glass-ceramics. Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. 67, 202–206 (1994)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Lu, Z.Y., Lu, J.S., Li, X.B., Shao, G.Q.: Effect of MgO addition on sinterability, crystallization kinetics, and flexural strength of glass-ceramics from waste materials. Ceram. Int. 42, 3452–3459 (2016)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Ren, X.Z., Zhang, W., Zhang, Y., Zhang, P.X., Liu, J.H.: Effects of Fe2O3 content on microstructure and mechanical properties of CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 system. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China. 25, 137–145 (2015)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Yang Z.J., Li Y., Cang D.Q., Diao M. L., Guo W.B.: The influence of Fe2+ and Fe3+ on crystallization of CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-MgO system glass-ceramics. Mater. Sci. Technol. 2, 45-51, 60 (2012)

  7. 7.

    Yu, Q.C., Yan, C.P., Deng, Y., Feng, Y.B., Liu, D.C., Yang, B.: Effect of Fe2O3 on non-isothermal crystallization of CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China. 25, 2279–2284 (2015)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Wang, Z.J., Ni, W., Li, K.Q., Huang, X.Y., Zhu, L.P.: Crystallization characteristics of iron-rich glass ceramics prepared from nickel slag and blast furnace slag. Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater. 4, 455–459 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    He, D.F., Gao, C., Pan, J.T., Xu, A.J.: Preparation of glass-ceramics with diopside as the main crystalline phase from low and medium titanium-bearing blast furnace slag. Ceram. Int. 44, 1384–1393 (2018)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Francis, A.A.: Non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of a blast furnace slag glass. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 7, 1859–1863 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Zhao, Y., Chen, D.F., Bi, Y.Y., Long, M.J.: Preparation of low cost glass-ceramics from molten blast furnace slag. Ceram. Int. 38, 2495–2500 (2012)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Khater, G.A., Abdel-Motelib, A., El Manawi, A.W.: Glass-ceramic materials from basaltic rocks and some industrial waste. J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 358, 1128–1134 (2012)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Barbieri, L., Ferrari, A.M., Lancellotti, I., Leonelli, C.: Crystallization of (Na2O-MgO)-CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glassy systems formulated from waste products. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 10, 2515–2520 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Cheng, J.S., Tang, F.Y., Lou, X.C., Kang, J.F., Qian, S.Y.: Effect of MgO on crystallization and properties of glass-ceramics prepared from granite tailings. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology. 10, 11–14 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Cetin, S., Marangoni, M., Bernardo, E.: Lightweight glass-ceramic tiles from the sintering of mining tailings. Ceram. Int. 41, 5294–5300 (2015)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Bernardo, E., Esposito, L., Rambaldi, E., Tucci, A., Hreglich, S.: Recycle of waste glass into glass-ceramic stoneware. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91, 2156–2162 (2008)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Goel, A., Pascual, M.J., Ferreira, J.M.F.: Stable glass-ceramic sealants for solid oxide fuel cells: influence of Bi2O3 doping. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy. 35, 6911–6923 (2010)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Serbena, F.C., Soares, V.O., Peitl, O., Pinto, H., Muccillo, R., Zanotto, E.D.: Internal residual stresses in sintered and commercial low expansion Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 1206–1214 (2011)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Dittmer, M., Ritzberger, C., Schweiger, M., Rheinberger, V., Wörle, M., Höland, W.: Phase and microstructure formation and their influence on the strength of two types of glass-ceramics. J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 384, 55–60 (2014)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Liu, H.P., Huang, X.F., Ma, L.P., Chen, D.L., Shang, Z.B., Jiang, M.: Effects of Fe2O3 on the crystallization behaviour of glass-ceramics produced from naturally cooled yellow phosphorus furnace slag. Int. J. of Miner. Metall. Mater. 3, 316–323 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Dai, C.L., Yang, Y., Yang, M.: Function and influence of magnesium on the architectural ceramic body, glaze and glass-ceramics. Foshan Ceramics. 9, 37–42 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Karamanov, A., Pelino, M.: Crystallization phenomena in iron-rich glasses. J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 282, 139–151 (2001)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Păcurariu, C., Lazău, I.: Non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of some glass-ceramics with pyroxene structure. J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 358, 3332–3337 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Becker, P., Libowitzky, E., Bohaty, L., Liebertz, J., Rhee, H., Eichler, H.-J., Kaminski, A.A.: Temperature-dependent thermo-mechanical and Raman spectroscopy study of the SRS-active melilite-type crystal Ca2ZnSi2O7 (hardystonite) at its incommensurate-commensurate phase transition. Phys. Status Solidi A. 2, 327–334 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Pei, F.J., Guo, H.W., Li, P., Yan, B.J., Li, J., Yang, P., Zhu, G.H.: Influence of low magnesia content on the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics: its crystallization behaviour, microstructure and physical properties. Ceram. Int. 44, 20132–20139 (2018)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Dai, C.L., Yang, Y., Yang, M.: Function and influence of Fe, Co. Ni on the glaze and glass-ceramics. Foshan Ceramics. 9, 43–46 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Tian, Y.L.: New Glass Technology. China Light Industry Press, Beijing (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Bernardo, E.: Fast sinter-crystallization of a glass from waste materials. J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 354, 3486–3490 (2008)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Bernardo, E., Scarinci, G.: Fast sinter-crystallization of waste glasses. Adv. Appl. Ceram. 107, 344–349 (2008)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Soochow University and China University of Petroleum for their support with the analysis.

Funding

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51704202, 51604169, 51604178) and the Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China (No. 17KJB450002).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Guohui Zhu.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pei, F., Zhu, G., Li, P. et al. Effect of Fe2O3 and MgO on the crystallization behaviour, sinterability and properties of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics. J Aust Ceram Soc 56, 979–986 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41779-019-00423-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Glass-ceramics
  • Sintering
  • Wollastonite
  • Diopside
  • Hardystonite