Sintering and mechanical properties of magnesium containing hydroxyfluorapatite


Magnesium substituted hydroxyfluorapatites with the general formula Ca10-xMgx (PO4)6F(OH) with (0 ≤ x ≤ 2.5) were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. The apatite phases were sintered between 1050 and 1150 °C. The substitution of Ca2+ for Mg2+had a strong influence on the densification behavior and mechanical properties of the materials. The density increased simultaneously with the increase of Mg2+content up to x = 1 and then decreased beyond this value. The X-ray diffraction study indicated that the Mg introduced into the solutions was incorporated into the hydroxyfluorapatite. Mechanical properties: Vickers hardness Hv, Young’s modulus E, and shear modulus G were investigated in correlation with the modification of micro-structural characteristics of the sintered materials. According to the obtained properties, these materials possessed sufficient characteristics to be a promising candidate for bone replacement applications.

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Magnesium doped hydroxyapatite


Magnesium doped hydroxyfluorapatite


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Ammar, H., Nasr, S., Ageorges, H. et al. Sintering and mechanical properties of magnesium containing hydroxyfluorapatite. J Aust Ceram Soc 56, 931–942 (2020).

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  • Hydroxyfluorapatite
  • Magnesium
  • Sintering
  • Mechanical properties