Developing Sustainable Legal Framework for the Establishment of Integrated Water Resources Management in Iran

  • Kaiomars Kalantari
  • Reza Maknoon
  • Daryoush Karimi
Research paper


In this study, the advantages and limitations, given the rules and regulations in Iran, of implementing an integrated water resources management (IWRM) approach are analyzed. As IWRM does not exist at the level of basin in Iran, it is suggested that the legal framework for the establishment of IWRM eventually be initiated with consideration given the structural complexities of water management systems at a national level. Such an approach is generally missing in Iran, and sustainable solutions are necessary for the all-round development of the country as pertains to water. In addition, the environmental degradation of water and soil in basins has resulted in the migration of people from rural areas to urban regions. All these factors have contributed to the great complexity of Iran’s IWRM. With the principles of the establishment of IWRM across water basins in mind, this study investigated and ultimately presented proposals and solutions for modifying the rights and rules of the water in basins. The results indicated that the best solution for solving the problems associated with IWRM is ever-increasing interaction between the beneficiaries and the tools available for achieving a sustainable IWRM strategy in Iran.


Water resources Watershed Management Socioeconomic 


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Copyright information

© University of Tehran 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Law, Faculty of natural resources and environmentScience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)TehranIran

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