Oscillating wire cutting and robotic assembly of bespoke acoustic tile systems

Abstract

New methods of manufacturing and assembly, enabled through robotic fabrication, push the boundaries of the conventional in architecture and construction, when coupled with advanced digital design and simulation. This paper presents a novel method for digital production of bespoke ceramic assemblies for spatial acoustic modulation, demonstrating a hybrid robotic process combining robotic oscillating wire cutting (ROWC) of wet clay bricks and adaptive pick and place (APnP) production of bespoke brick panel assemblies. These processes are carried out within the framework of a deployable robot cell that can be shipped to a jobsite where complex fabrication and assembly can be performed in situ. The research bridges the gap between serialized and bespoke production of architectural elements, by minimally disrupting existing production chains as a viable way forward to integrate digital technologies into existing manufacturing and construction processes. The proposed methods are demonstrated through a collaboration with brick producer Strøjer Tegl leading to the manufacturing and assembly of a full-scale acoustic demonstrator of 9 × 4 m, comprises 2200 bricks with 14 shape variants.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8

References

  1. Andreani S, Bechtold M (2014) Revolving brick: geometry and performance innovation in ceramic building systems through design robotics. Fabricate 2014: negotiating design and making. UCL Press, London, pp 182–191

    Google Scholar 

  2. Archi-Union Chi She Gallery Project Page (2020). http://www.archi-union.com/Homes/Projectshow/index/id/40. Accessed 02 Mar 2020

  3. Association of Robots in Architecture (2020) https://www.robotsinarchitecture.org/. Accessed 05 Feb 2029

  4. Bonwetsch T (2015) Robotically assembled brickwork Manipulating assembly processes of discrete elements, PhD Thesis. ETH, Zurich.

  5. Bonwetsch T, Baertschi R, Oesterle S (2008) Adding performance criteria to digital fabrication: room-acoustical information of diffuse respondent panels. In: ACADIA Conference Proceedings, Non Standard Production Techniques Tools, Techniques and Technologies-Adding Performance Criteria to Digital Fabrication, Minnesota, pp 364–369

  6. Cox TJ, D’Antonio P (2016) Acoustic absorbers and diffusers: theory, design, and application. Taylor and Francis, London

    Google Scholar 

  7. Claypool M, Jimenez Garcia M, Retsin G, Soler V (2019) Robotic building, architecture in the age of automation. ORP Editions, San Francisco

    Google Scholar 

  8. Daas M, John AW (2018) Towards a robotic architecture, 1st edn. ORO Editions, San Francisco

    Google Scholar 

  9. Day C, Marshall H, Scelo T, Valentine J, Exton P (2016) The Philharmonie de Paris Acoustic design and commissioning. In: Proceedings of ACOUSTICS, Brisbane.

  10. Delgado MDJ, Oyedele L, Ajayi A, Akanbi L, Akinade O, Bilal M, Owolabi H (2019) Robotics and automated systems in construction: Understanding industry-specific challenges for adoption. J Build Eng. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100868

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Dörfler K (2018) Strategies for Robotic in Situ Fabrication, PhD Thesis. ETH, Zurich.

  12. Faiz A, Ducourneau J, Khanfir A, Chatillon J (2012) Measurement of sound diffusion coefficients of scattering furnishing volumes present in workplaces. Acoustics 2012, Nantes, France. 〈hal-00810697〉

  13. Feringa J, Søndergaard A (2015) Fabricating architectural volume. Fabricate: negotiating design and making. UCL Press, Zürich, pp 44–51

    Google Scholar 

  14. https://www.randerstegl.dk/dk/mursten/andre-murstenstyper/akustiksten. Accessed Mar 2020

  15. Koren B, Müller T (2017) Digital fabrication of non-standard sound-diffusing panels in the large hall of the elbphilharmonie. Fabricate 2017: rethinking design and construction. UCL Press, Stuttgart, pp 122–129

    Google Scholar 

  16. Leopold C, Robeller C, Weber U, Leder S, Weber R, Bucklin O, Wood D, Menges A (2019) Towards distributed in situ robotic timber construction. In: Research culture in architecture: cross-disciplinary collaboration robotics in timber construction, Kaiserslautern, Germany, pp 67–76

  17. Odico (2020) Factory-On-The-Fly as accessed https://odico.dk/en/factoryonthefly/. Accessed Mar 2020

  18. Pachyderm Acoustics on Github (2020). https://github.com/PachydermAcoustic. Accessed 02 Mar 2020

  19. Peel H, Luo S, Cohn AG, Fuentes R (2018) Localisation of a mobile robot for bridge bearing inspection. Autom Constr 94:244–256

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Pritschow G, Dalacker M, Kurz J, Gaenssleet M (1995) Technological aspects in the development of a mobile bricklaying robot. In: Proceedings of the 12th ISARC, Warsaw, pp 281–290

  21. Rossi G, Nicholas P (2019) Haptic learning, towards neural-network-based adaptive Cobot path-planning for unstructured spaces. In: Ecaade Sigradi 2019: architecture in the age of the 4th industrial revolution, Porto, pp 201–210

  22. Rossi G, Walker J, Søndergaard A, Foged IW, Pasold A, Hilmer J (forthcomming 2021) Design to manufacture workflows of sound scattering acoustic brick walls. Acadia 2020: Distributed Proximities, Online + Global.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Søndergaard A, Feringa J (2017) Scaling architectural robotics. Realization of the Kirk Kapital Headquarters. Fabricate 2017: rethinking design and construction. UCL Press, Stuttgart, pp 264–271

    Google Scholar 

  24. Weiguo X, Luo D, Gao Y (2019) Automatic brick masonry system and its application in on-site construction. In: CAADRIA 2019: Intelligent and Informed, Beijing, pp 83–92

Download references

Funding

This project was funded by Realdania.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gabriella Rossi.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Rossi, G., Walker, J., Søndergaard, A. et al. Oscillating wire cutting and robotic assembly of bespoke acoustic tile systems. Constr Robot (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41693-020-00051-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Robotic Fabrication
  • Bricks
  • Ruled surface
  • Acoustic simulation
  • Pick and place
  • Wire cutting