Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection

, Volume 125, Issue 4, pp 357–364 | Cite as

Compatibility of insecticides and Elachertus inunctus Nees (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) for controlling Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in greenhouse condition

  • Fatemeh YarahmadiEmail author
  • Zohreh Salehi
  • Hossein Lotfalizadeh
Original Article


South American Tomato Pinworm (SATP), Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is one of the most devastating pests in tomato greenhouses. Efficacy of some chemical and biorational insecticides, namely chlorfenapyr, thiocyclam, azadirachtin and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), in controlling SATP and their compatibility with Elachertus inunctus, a new SATP larval ectoparasitoid, were studied under greenhouse conditions. For this purpose, larval mortality, leaf and fruit damage and parasitism following the different insecticide treatments and after various days from the treatment (DAT) were recorded and compared to untreated control. Results showed that chlorfenapyr had suitable effects on SATP larvae. Although the experiments indicated that the short-term effects of azadirachtin, thiocyclam and Bt were not detrimental to SATP larvae, but their residual effects were significant in the long term. Among the tested insecticides, Bt was more compatible with E. innunctus release. Overall, the results suggest that the integration application of Bt with early inundate release of E. innunctus can be recommended for suitable and environmentally safe control of SATP in greenhouse tomato.


Parasitic wasps Bio-insecticides Tomato leaf miner IPM 



This research was supported by research deputy of Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University [Grant Number 941/09].


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Copyright information

© Deutsche Phytomedizinische Gesellschaft 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Yarahmadi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zohreh Salehi
    • 1
  • Hossein Lotfalizadeh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureKhuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources UniversityAhvaz (Mollasani)Iran
  2. 2.Department of Plant ProtectionEast-Azarbaijan Research Center for Agriculture and Natural ResourcesTabrizIran

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