Determine the regions of outmigration in North-East India: a cross-sectional analysis


The present study explores the regional pattern in the process of out-migration. Presence of heterogeneity in ethnicity propagates North-East as an emerging region of outmigration in India. North–East India has experienced out-migration in all the areas but certain areas have experienced higher intensity in out-migration—which needs special attention. The study also tries to determine the source regions of out-migration in North-East India characterized by utmost regional contrasts in physiographic, cultural, and economic development. For the present study migration data has been collected from the census of India and the National Sample Survey Organization. Regions of out-migration have been demarcated with the help of the GIS techniques. The present study revealed that most of the parts of Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and some parts of Nagaland, and parts of lower and upper Assam have experienced excessive out-migration as compared to the other parts of North-East as well as in India. Unemployment and education are the root causes of out-migration for both male and female migrants in North-East India. Besides, immigration and communal conflict are the hidden multipliers that accelerated out-migration from various parts of the North-East.

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The author is thankful to the Editor-in-Chief and two anonymous reviewers for constructive comments and suggestions on the manuscript.

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Debnath, M., Ray, S., Islam, N. et al. Determine the regions of outmigration in North-East India: a cross-sectional analysis. Spat. Inf. Res. (2021).

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  • Communal conflict
  • Out-migration
  • Preferred regions
  • Tea garden
  • North-East India