Morphotectonic analysis of Sheer Khadd River basin using geo-spatial tools
In the present study, a quantitative morphotectonic analysis of Sheer Khadd River basin has been carried out based on geomorphic and morphometric indices such as hypsometric integral, drainage basin asymmetry, mountain front sinuosity, basin elongation ratio, valley floor width to valley height ratio, river sinuosity and stream length gradient index using ASTER digital elevation model (DEM) and Google Earth images to understand the morphotectonics of the basin. The results indicate that Sheer Khadd River basin is tilting towards east and is elongated in shape due to active faulting and folding activity in the terrain. A moderate hypsometric integral value indicates that the basin is still under mature stage of erosion and reflecting a complexity in topography. Fluctuations in stream length gradient index over fault zones indicate irregularities in the drainage course due to the presence of fluvial knick points. The results of morphotectonic and morphometric analysis using DEM data is useful tool for morphotectonic evaluation of any complex terrain.
KeywordsMorphotectonics Sheer Khadd River basin Knick points Geomorphic indices GIS
The corresponding author expresses his gratefulness to the Amity University Noida, for providing facility and constant encouragement for carried out this research work.
- 1.Zakerinejad, R., Hochschild, V., Rahimi, M., & Maerker, M. (2016). Morphotectonic analysis of the Zagros Mountains using high resolution DEM to assess gully erosion processes: A case study in the Fars Province, Southwest of Iran. International Geoinformatics Research Journal, 6(4), 1–17.Google Scholar
- 2.Keller, E. A., & Pinter, N. (2002). Active tectonics: Earthquakes, uplift, and landscape. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- 3.Ahmed, F., & Rao, K. S. (2016). Morphotectonic studies of the Tuirini drainage basin: A remote sensing and geographic information system perspective. International Journal of Geology, Earth & Environmental Sciences, 6(1), 54–65.Google Scholar
- 4.Keller, E., & Pinter, N. (1996). Active tectonics: Earthquake, uplift and landscape. Tuirini Drainage Basin, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- 5.Mahmoud, Y., & Kazem, S. G. (2014). Morphotectonic of Tang-e-Sarhe Catchment and its effect on morphology and behaviour of the river, Nikshahr, southeast of Iran. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 7(11), 1871–1881.Google Scholar
- 7.Mandi, S., & Soren, K. (2016). Morphotectonic analysis of the Chel River, Northern West Bengal, India. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 21(6), 1–6.Google Scholar
- 9.Suryawanshi, R. A., & Golekar, R. B. (2014). Morphotectonic and lineament analysis from Bhatia and Jaigarh Creek, Ratnagiri, MS, India: Neotectonic implication. International Research Journal of Earth Sciences, 2(10), 16–25.Google Scholar
- 10.Bhat, F. A., Bhat, I. M., Sana, H., Iqbal, M., & Mir, A. R. (2013). Identification of geomorphic signatures of active tectonics in the West Lidder Basin, Kashmir Himalayas: Using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 4(1), 164–176.Google Scholar
- 13.Hack, J. (1957). Studies of longitudinal stream profiles in Virginia and Maryland. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 294-B.Google Scholar
- 14.Bull, W. (1977). Tectonic geomorphology of the Mojave Desert, California. US Geological Survey Contract Report 14-0-001-G-394. Menlo Park, CA: Office of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Engineering.Google Scholar
- 15.Bull, W., & Mc Fadden, L. D. (1977). Tectonic geomorphology north and south of the Garlock fault, California. In D. O. Doehering (Ed.), Geomorphology in arid regions. Proceedings of the eighth annual geomorphology symposium (pp. 115–138). Binghamton, NY: State University of New York.Google Scholar
- 19.Strahler, A. N. (1964). Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basin and channel network. In V. T. Chow (Ed.), Handbook of applied hydrology. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar