A New Species of Sphaeromopsis Holdich and Jones 1973 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) from the Andaman Islands, Northern Indian Ocean

Abstract

Sphaeromopsis sikata sp. nov. is described from intertidal habitats of South Andaman coast, Andaman Islands. Sphaeromopsis sikata sp. nov., the first record of the genus from India, is characterized by the pleotelson lateral margins not being folded ventrally and the uropodal exopod lateral margin proximal to medial smooth; distal margin is serrate with three teeth, apex concave with three setae, and mesial margin smooth. An annotated list of Sphaeromopsis species is provided.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

Data Availability

The type specimens PUMB 3588, male, TL 2.7 mm; PUMB 3589, male, TL 2.6 mm; and PUMB 3590, male, TL 2.7 mm of Sphaeromopsis sikata sp. nov., are kept at the Museum of Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology of Pondicherry University of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.

References

  1. Barnard KH (1936) Isopods collected by the RIMS investigator. Rec Indian Mus 38:147–191

    Google Scholar 

  2. Boyko CB, Bruce NL, Hadfield KA, Merrin KL, Ota Y, Poore GCB, Taiti S, Schotte M, Wilson GDF (ed) (2008 onwards). World Marine, Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans database. Cirolanidae Dana, 1852. Accessed from: http://www.marinespecies.org/isopoda (on 10 February 2020)

  3. Bruce NL (1994) Four new genera of marine isopod crustaceans (family Sphaeromatidae) from eastern and southern Australia. Mem Mus Vic 54:399–438

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Bruce NL (1997) A new genus of marine isopod (Crustacea: Flabellifera: Sphaeromatidae) from Australia and the indo-Pacific region. Mem Mus Vic 56:145–234

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Bruce NL (2003) New genera and species of sphaeromatid isopod crustaceans from Australian marine coastal waters. Mem Mus Vic 60(2):309–369

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Bruce NL (2006) A new species of Ischyromene Racovitza, 1908 (Sphaeromatidae: Isopoda: Crustacea) from intertidal marine habitats in New Zealand. Zootaxa 1220:19–34

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Bruce NL (2009) A new genus and new species of Sphaeromatidae (Crustacea: Isopoda) from the great barrier reef, Australia. Mem Mus Vic 66:35–42

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Chilton C (1924) Fauna of the Chilka Lake. Mem Indian Mus 5:875–895

    Google Scholar 

  9. Dev Roy MKD (2012) An Updated Systematic List of Isopod Fauna of India. J Environ Sociobiol 9(2):163–175

    Google Scholar 

  10. Dutta A, Retnaraj C, Chowdula S (2019) First distribution record of the isopod Afrocerceis kenyensis Müller, 1995 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) from Indian waters. J Biodiversi 10(1–2):31–37

    Google Scholar 

  11. Eleftheriou A, Holdich DM, Harrison K (1980) The systematics and ecology of a new genus of isopod (Sphaeromatidae) from the west coast sandy beaches of India. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci II:251–262

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Ganapati PN, Nagabhushanam R (1955) Crustacean wood borers of Visakhapatnam harbour. Curr Sci 24:200–201

    Google Scholar 

  13. Harrison K, Holdich DM (1984) Hemibranchiate sphaeromatids (Crustacea: Isopoda) from Queensland, Australia, with a world-wide review of the genera discussed. Zool J Linnean Soc 81:275–387

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Holdich DM, Jones DA (1973) The systematics and ecology of a new genus of sand beach isopod (Sphaeromatidae) from Kenya. J Zool London 171:385–395

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Holdich DM, Harrison K (1981) The sphaeromatid isopod genus Sphaeromopsis Holdich & Jones in African, Australian and south American waters. Crustaceana 41(3):286–300

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Javed W, Yousuf F (1995) A new species and a new record of Sphaeromopsis Holdich & Jones, 1973 from Pakistan waters (Isopoda, Sphaeromatidae). Pak J Mar Sci 4(1):51–58

    Google Scholar 

  17. Javed W, Yousuf F (1997) A new species and a new record of Sphaeromopsis (Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) from the Arabian Sea. Proc Pak Congr Zool 17:135–144

    Google Scholar 

  18. Joshi UN, Bal DV (1962) Cassidina extenda, a new species of isopod of Bombay. Proc Indian Acad Sci 56B(6):372–376

    Google Scholar 

  19. Kalyansundaram N, Granti SS (1975) The intensity and distribution of marine wood-borers at various ports of India. Bull Dept Mar Sci Univ, Cochin 7(3):637–644

    Google Scholar 

  20. Kensley B (2001) Biogeography of the marine Isopoda of the Indian Ocean, with a check-list of species and records. In: Kensley B, Brusca RC (eds) Isopod systematics and evolution. Crustacean issues. Vol. 13. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 205–264

    Google Scholar 

  21. Kensley B, Schotte M (1989) Marine isopod crustaceans of the Caribbean. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 308 pp

    Google Scholar 

  22. Kensley B, Schotte M (1994) Marine isopods from the Lesser Antilles and Colombia (Crustacea: Pericarida). Proc Biol Soc Wash 107(3):482–510

    Google Scholar 

  23. Kensley B, Schotte M (1999) New records of isopods from the Indian River lagoon, Florida (Crustacea: Peracarida). Proc Biol Soc Wash 112(4):695–713

    Google Scholar 

  24. Khalaji-Pirbalouty V (2016) A new species of Cymodoce from Iran (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) with remarks on the status of Cymodoce manorii (Nooruddin, 1965) comb. nov. and Cymodoce spinula Yousuf & Javed, 2001. Zootaxa 4084:267–276

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Khalaji-Pirbalouty V, Wägele JW (2009) Two new species of Sphaeromopsis (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) from the Persian Gulf. Zootaxa 2305:33–50

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Khalaji-Pirbalouty V, Bruce NL, Wägele JW (2013) The genus Cymodoce leach, 1814 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) in the Persian Gulf with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3686(5):501–533

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Loyola e Silva J (1960) Sphaeromatidae do litoral Brasiliero (Isopoda: Crustacea). Boletim da Universidade do Parana. Zoologia 4:1–182

    Google Scholar 

  28. Monod T (1971) Sur deux isopodes marins du Golfe de Kutch (Inde). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat 42(5):944–956

    Google Scholar 

  29. Müller HG (1991) Two new species of Cerceis and Dynoides from a sabellid reef at Sri Lanka (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae). Zool Anz 226:307–318

    Google Scholar 

  30. Müller HG (1995) Sphaeromatidae from the Watamu area, Kenya description of a new genus and four new species (Isopoda, Flabellifera). Crustaceana 68(1):350–381

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Nayak L (1996) Marine wood-borers of Gopalpur port, east coast of India with a note on their control measure. J Environ Res 6(4):146–152

    Google Scholar 

  32. Ortiz M, Lalana R, Varela C (2004) Especie nueva del género Sphaeromopsis (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) de la plataforma Sur oriental de Cuba. Solenodon 4:1–5

    Google Scholar 

  33. Pachu AV, Rao MV, Balaji M (2008) Marine woodborer fauna in mangroves of the Krishna estuary, east coast of India. In: Solomon Raju AJ (ed) Bioresources conservation and management, today & tomorrow’s. Printers and Publishers, New Delhi, pp 41–51

    Google Scholar 

  34. Patnaik S (1971) Seasonal abundance and distribution of bottom fauna of the Chilka Lake. J Mar Biol Ass India 13:106–125

    Google Scholar 

  35. Philip KP (1972) The intertidal fauna of the sandy beaches of Cochin. Proc Indian Acad Sci 38:317–328

    Google Scholar 

  36. Pillai NK (1954) A preliminary note on the Tanaidacea and Isopoda of Travancore. Bull Cent Res Inst, Trivandrum 3:1–22

    Google Scholar 

  37. Pillai NK (1955) Wood boring Crustacea of Travancore. I. Sphaeromidae. Bull Cent Res Inst, Trivandrum 4((1)C):127–139

    Google Scholar 

  38. Pillai NK (1961) Monograph: wood boring Crustacea of India. Government of India Press, Simla

    Google Scholar 

  39. Pillai NK (1965) Isopods of the family Sphaeromidae from the littoral waters of South India. Crustaceana 9:75–89

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Pillai NK (1967) Littoral and parasitic isopods from Kerala: families Eurydicidae, Corallanidae and Aegidae 2. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 64:267–283

    Google Scholar 

  41. Poore GCB (2002) Crustacea: Malacostraca: Syncarida, Peracarida: Isopoda, Tanaidacea, Mictacea, Thermosbaenacea, Spelaeogriphacea. In: Houston WWK, Beesley PL (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia Vol. 19.2A. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne, pp 429

  42. Poore GCB (2005) Supplement to the 2002 catalogue of Australian Crustacea: malacostraca—Syncarida and Peracarida (volume 19.2A): 2002–2004. Mus Vic Sci Rep 7:1–5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Poore GCB, Bruce NL (2009) Sealice, woodlice, slaters, pillbugs and their allies—Subphylum Crustacea, order Isopoda. Pp. 158–164. In: Gordon DP (ed) Species 2000: New Zealand. The New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Vol. 2. Kingdom Animalia Chaetognatha and Ecdysozoa. NIWA, Wellington

  44. Purushotham A, Satyanarayana Rao K (1971) The first progress report of the committee for the protection of timber against marine organisms attack in the Indian coastal waters for the period 1953-1970. J Timb Dev Assoc India 17(3):1–74

    Google Scholar 

  45. Rao MV, Balaji M, Pachu AV (2008) Marine wood borers of Bhimunipatnam-Visakhapatnam coast, bay of Bengal, India. J Timb Dev Assoc India 54(1–4):59–77

    Google Scholar 

  46. Rao MV, Balaji M, Pachu AV (2013) Marine wood borers at Kothakoduru and Bangarammapalem mangroves, east coast of India. In: Bhatt JR, Ramakrishna M, Sanjappa OK, Remadevi BP, Nilaratna, Venkataraman K (ed) Mangroves of India: their biology and uses. published by Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, pp 325–332

  47. Roy MKD (2006) Marine wood borers of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with key to species. J Environ Sociobiol 3:131–142

    Google Scholar 

  48. Santhakumaran LN (1994) Marine wood-borers of India- an annotated bibliography. Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore, India, 262 pp

  49. Schotte M, Kensley B (2005) New species and records of Flabellifera from the Indian Ocean (Crustacea: Peracarida: Isopoda). J Nat Hist 39(16):1211–1282

    Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Srinivasan TK (1959) On a new species of wood boring isopod, Exosphaeroma madrasensis from Madras. J Timb Dry Preser Assoc India 5(3):20–23

    Google Scholar 

  51. Stebbing TRR (1900) On some crustaceans from the Falkland Islands, collected by Mr. Rupert Vallentin. Proc Zool Soc Lond 517–568

  52. Stebbing TRR (1904) Marine crustaceans, 12. Isopoda, with description of a new genus. In: Gardiner JS (ed) The fauna and geography of the Maldive and Laccadive archipelagoes, being the account of the work carried on and of the collections made by an expedition during the years 1899 and 1900. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 699–720

    Google Scholar 

  53. Stebbing TRR (1910) Reports on the marine biology of the Sudanese Red Sea. XIV. On the Crustacea Isopoda and Tanaidacea. J Linn Soc Zool 31:215–230

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. Stebbing TRR (1911) Indian isopods. Rec Indian Mus 6:179–191

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Storey M (2002) New species and a new record of sphaeromatid isopods (Crustacea) from the Andaman Sea, Thailand. Phuket Mar Biol Cent Spec Publ 23(1):133–148

    Google Scholar 

  56. Swain D, Pati SK, Rao MV, Sharma RM (2012) Marine wood borers. Zool Surv India 2:379–380

    Google Scholar 

  57. Tarakanadha B, Balaji M, Ramamurthi R, Satyanarayana Rao K (2004) Occurrence of marine wood borers of 3 ports in Andhra Pradesh, India. The Internat Res Group on Wood Preserv, Stockholm, Doc. No. IRG/WP 04-10509: 1–13

  58. Tarakanadha B, Satyanarayana Rao K (2006) Marine wood borers from Krishnapatnam waters, Andhra Pradesh, east coast of India. J Inst Wood Sci 17(3):134–145

    Article  Google Scholar 

  59. Tarakanadha B, Rao KS (2007) Seasonal settlement of wood borers in Krishnapatnam harbour, Andhra Pradesh, east coast of India. J Inst Wood Sci 17(5):277–285

    Article  Google Scholar 

  60. Trevallion A, Ansell AD, Sivadas P, Narayanan B (1970) A preliminary account of two sandy beaches in south West India. Mar Biol 6:268–279

    Article  Google Scholar 

  61. Yasmeen R, Javed W (2001) A new record of Paracerceis sculpta (Holmes, 1904) (Sphaeromatidae: Isopoda) from Pakistan, northern Arabian Sea. Pak J Mar Sci 10(1):43–49

    Google Scholar 

  62. Yousuf F, Javed W (2001) Cymodoce spinula, a new species of sphaeromatid isopod from Pakistan waters. Crustaceana 74:853–860

    Article  Google Scholar 

  63. Wägele JW (1989) Evolution und phylogenetisches System der Isopoda. Stand der Forschung und neue Erkenntnisse. Zoologica 140:1–262

    Google Scholar 

  64. Wall AR, Bruce NL, Wetzer R (2015) Status of Exosphaeroma amplicauda (Stimpson, 1857), E. aphrodita (Boone, 1923) and description of three new species (Crustacea, Isopoda, Sphaeromatidae) from the North-Eastern Pacific. Zookeys 504:11–58

    Article  Google Scholar 

  65. Wetzer R, Bruce NL (2007) A new species of Paradella Harrison & Holdich, 1982 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) from Baja California, Mexico, with a key to East Pacific species. Zootaxa 1512:39–49

    Article  Google Scholar 

  66. Wetzer R, Pérez-Losada M, Bruce NL (2013) Phylogenetic relationships of the family Sphaeromatidae Latreille, 1825 (Crustacea: Peracarida: Isopoda) within Sphaeromatidea based on 18S-rDNA molecular data. Zootaxa 3599:161–177

    Article  Google Scholar 

  67. Wetzer R, Mowery G (2017) Redescription of Dynoides elegans (Boone, 1923) (Crustacea, Isopoda, Sphaeromatidae) from the North-Eastern Pacific. ZooKeys 646:1–16

    Article  Google Scholar 

  68. Woodward H (1877) Crustacea. In: Encyclopedia Britannica. Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh, pp 632–666

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Pondicherry University for providing the necessary fund and lab facilities to carry out this present study. The first author also thankful to Dr. Niel L. Bruce (Queensland Museum and Water Research Group. North-West University, South Africa) for critically reviewing the manuscript.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Anil P initiated the work, field work, specimen collection, identification, drawings, and manuscript making. Jayaraj KA reviewed the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pathan Anil.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Anil, P., Jayaraj, K.A. A New Species of Sphaeromopsis Holdich and Jones 1973 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae) from the Andaman Islands, Northern Indian Ocean. Thalassas (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41208-021-00288-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Taxonomy
  • Isopoda
  • Sphaeromopsis
  • Intertidal
  • Andaman Islands
  • India