Phytosynthesized nanoparticle-directed catalytic reduction of synthetic dyes: beast to beauty

Abstract

Nature the best gift mankind could ever get. But as it is well said, “You never know how valuable something is until you almost lose it.” Similarly humans were busy spoiling the nature until they realised it is just reverting back on them negatively. Colors, a beauty of nature turned to a monster by humans. People have continuously used synthetic colors to brighten themselves and pollute the nature. Unceasing use and simultaneous discharge of untreated waste into the water bodies have polluted them to a great extent. And this called on for the requirement of a solution to fight this pollution. Since the past few decades researchers have been finding ways to reduce and remove these toxic pollutants from the natural resources. One of the process that gave hope and scope for improvement is the use of nanocatalysts to reduce these dyes. These nanocatalysts are of different varieties and are being synthesized by various methods. The recent scheme of synthesis gaining importance is the green synthesis, to even more cut down the use of toxic substances in the way of achieving the desired goal. In order to highlight the efforts being made to protect the environment, the present review emphasizes on the versatile type of phytosynthesized nanocatalysts that have verified themselves to be effective in degrading the harmful dyes proving that the savior of the nature can be taken from nature itself. Additionally, the harmfulness of various dyes that made it necessary for researchers to find ways to reduce them is also discussed.

Graphic abstract

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Availability of data and material

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in the published article.

Abbreviations

2, 4-DNPH:

2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine

2-NP:

2-Nitrophenol

3-NP:

3-Nitrophenol

4-NP:

4-Nitrophenol

CBB:

Coomassie brilliant blue

CR:

Congo red

EY:

Eosin Y

MB:

Methylene blue

MG:

Malachite green

MO:

Methyl orange

MR:

Methyl red

RhB:

Rhodamine B

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SG contributed to conceptualization, investigation, date curation, writing, original draft preparation; SG and KKT contributed to writing review, editing, supervision.

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Correspondence to Kiran Kumar Tejavath.

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Gupta, S., Tejavath, K.K. Phytosynthesized nanoparticle-directed catalytic reduction of synthetic dyes: beast to beauty. Nanotechnol. Environ. Eng. 6, 6 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41204-021-00101-8

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Keywords

  • Catalytic reduction
  • Dyes
  • Nanocatalysts
  • Phytonanoparticles
  • Plants