Topics in Current Chemistry

, 375:88 | Cite as

Biogenesis of Selenium Nanoparticles Using Green Chemistry

  • Sara Shoeibi
  • Paul Mozdziak
  • Afsaneh Golkar-Narenji


Selenium binds some enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase, which may be activated in biological infections and oxidative stress. Chemical and physical methods for synthesizing nanoparticles, apart from being expensive, have their own particular risks. However, nanoparticle synthesis through green chemistry is a safe procedure that different biological sources such as bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae and plants can be the catalyst bed for processing. Synthesis of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) by macro/microorganisms causes variation in morphology and shape of the particles is due to diversity of reduction enzymes in organisms. Reducing enzymes of microorganisms by changing the status of redox convert metal ions (Se2−) to SeNPs without charge (Se0). Biological activity of SeNPs includes their protective role against DNA oxidation. Because of the biological and industrial properties, SeNPs have wide applications in the fields of medicine, microelectronic, agriculture and animal husbandry. SeNPs can show strong antimicrobial effects on the growth and proliferation of microorganisms in a dose-dependent manner. The objective of this review is to consider SeNPs applications to various organisms.


SeNps Green chemistry Reduction Applications Antimicrobial 



We wish to thank from Drs. Darroudi and Oskouyi for their encouragement for writing this review.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara Shoeibi
    • 1
  • Paul Mozdziak
    • 2
  • Afsaneh Golkar-Narenji
    • 3
  1. 1.Cellular and Molecular Research Center, School of MedicineAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Graduate Physiology ProgramNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Department of Genetic, Reproductive Biomedicine Research CenterRoyan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECRTehranIran

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